On the Differences in Preferred Headphone Response for Spatial and Stereo Content

  title={On the Differences in Preferred Headphone Response for Spatial and Stereo Content},
  author={Isaac Engel and David L. Alon and Kevin Scheumann and Jeff Crukley and Ravish Mehra},
  journal={Journal of the Audio Engineering Society},
When reproducing spatial audio over headphones, ensuring that these have a flat frequency response is important to produce an accurate rendering. However, previous studies suggest that, when reproducing nonspatial content such as stereo music, the headphone response should resemble that of a loudspeaker system in a listening room (e.g., the so-called Harman target). It is not yet clear whether a pair of headphones calibrated in such way would be preferred by listeners for spatial audio… 



Listener-Preferred Headphone FrequencyResponse for Stereo and Spatial Audio Content

on a and at The complete not r This conference paper the corrections, or consideration by the Board. The AES takes no for the contents. This paper in the AES E-Library (http://www.aes.org/e-lib), all

The role of individualized headphone calibration for the generation of high fidelity virtual auditory space.

  • D. Pralong
  • Physics
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1996
It is shown that the use of nonindividualized HpTFs creates considerable distortions in the 4-10 kHz range, which could partly account for the increased incidence of mislocalizations reported in previous virtual auditory space localization experiments.

Perceptual Evaluation of Headphone Compensation in Binaural Synthesis Based on Non-Individual Recordings

A method for measuring HpTFs reliably at the blocked ear canal is developed and results suggest that while using non-individual binaural recordings the Hp TF of the individual used for the recordings – typically a HATS – should be used for headphone compensation.

Binaural Technique: Do We Need Individual Recordings?

The localization performance was studied when subjects listened 1) to a real sound field and 2) to binaural recordings of the same sound field, made a) in their own ears and b) in the ears of other

The Effect of Generic Headphone Compensation on Binaural Renderings

Generic headphone equalization yields perceptual benefits similar to individual equalization for non-individual binaural renderings, and it increases overall quality, reduces coloration, and improves distance perception compared to unequalized renderings.

Perceptually Robust Headphone Equalization for Binaural Reproduction

A new method for designing headphone equalization filters is proposed where not the average but an upper variance limit of many measured HpTFs is inverted and yields perceptually robust equalization.

Design Criteria for Headphones

An alternative procedure is proposed for measuring headphone performance on human ears that avoids the uncertainty from a psychometric procedure, and it allows diffuse-field calibration even at pure tones and narrow frequency bands.

Fundamentals of binaural technology

Transfer characteristics of headphones measured on human ears

For 14 headphones and 40 human subjects, transfer functions were measured from the voltage at the headphone terminals to the sound pressure at the entrance to the blocked ear canal. For all

Digital filter design for inversion problems in sound reproduction

When it is attempted to invert, or eliminate the influence of, a single-channel system such as a loudspeaker response or a room response, some frequencies are usually boosted by an excessive amount