On the Confinement and the Vacuum Degeneracy in the Schwinger Model

@inproceedings{Nakawaki1980OnTC,
  title={On the Confinement and the Vacuum Degeneracy in the Schwinger Model},
  author={Yuji Nakawaki},
  year={1980}
}
It is shown that multiple vacua are physical states in the Schwinger model formulated in a finite spatial interval by constructing explicitly an operator solution in which the fermionic degrees of freedom appear only in charge, chiral charge and spurion operators. These are best illustrated by taking the massies's limit of an operator solution to the pre-Schwinger model which is represented in Hilbert space with the usual fermionic charge-sector. We also describe another operator solution to… CONTINUE READING