On the Combination of Tropospheric and Local Environment Propagation Effects for Mobile Satellite Systems Above 10 GHz


Land mobile satellite (LMS) channels at the L (1/2 GHz) and S (2/4 GHz) frequency bands are mainly affected by propagation effects due to the local environment of a mobile terminal, such as multipath, shadowing, and blockage. Future systems for mobile satellite services (MSS) will operate at higher frequency bands, such as Ku (12/14 GHz) and Ka (20/30 GHz… (More)
DOI: 10.1109/TVT.2009.2036731


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