On the Causes and Consequences of Ballot Order Effects

@article{Meredith2007OnTC,
  title={On the Causes and Consequences of Ballot Order Effects},
  author={Marc Meredith and Yuval Salant},
  journal={Political Behavior},
  year={2007},
  volume={35},
  pages={175-197}
}
We investigate the effect of ballot order on the outcomes of California city council and school board elections. Candidates listed first win office between four and five percentage points more often than expected absent order effects. This first candidate advantage is larger in races with more candidates and for higher quality candidates. The first candidate advantage is similar across contexts: the magnitude of the effect is not statistically distinguishable in city council and in school board… 

On the Causes and Consequences of Ballot Order Effects

We investigate the effect of ballot order on the outcomes of California city council and school board elections. Candidates listed first win office between four and five percentage points more often

The ballot order effect is huge: evidence from Texas

Primary and runoff elections in Texas provide an ideal test of the ballot order hypothesis, because ballot order is randomized within each county and the state offers many counties and contests to

The ballot order effect is huge: evidence from Texas

Primary and runoff elections in Texas provide an ideal test of the ballot order hypothesis, because ballot order is randomized within each county and the state offers many counties and contests to

Ballot Order Effects in Referendum Elections 1

Are propositions listed at the top of the ballot more likely to pass than propositions listed at the bottom of the ballot? A large body of research has investigated the effect of ballot position in

Candidate ballot information and election outcomes: the Czech case

This study measures the importance of candidate characteristics listed on ballots for a candidate's position on a slate, for preferential votes received by a candidate, and, ultimately, for getting

Ballot Order Effects in Referendum Elections

Many political practitioners believe that voters are more likely to approve propositions listed at the top than the bottom of the ballot, and this belief influences election laws across the country.

Ballot Order Effects and Party Responses: Evidence from Lotteries in Colombia

Ballot positions affect the electoral performance of parties. Existing theories for this effect focus on voter-specific behavioral explanations. We present evidence on an additional unexplored

Ballot order effects in direct democracy elections

Many political practitioners believe that voters are more likely to approve propositions listed at the top than the bottom of the ballot, potentially distorting democratic decision making, and this

How Campaigns Respond to Ballot Position: A New Mechanism for Order Effects

An established finding on ballot design is that top positions on the ballot improve the electoral performance of parties or candidates because voters respond behaviorally to salient information. This
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES

The Effects of Ballot Position on Election Outcomes

This article presents evidence of name-order effects in balloting from a study of the 1998 Democratic primary in New York City, in which the order of candidates' names was rotated by precinct. In 71

A Low Information Theory of Ballot Position Effect

This article suggests a theory of ballot position effect based on the amount of information present in the electorate while accounting for several alternative hypotheses. The more information that

Are Ballot Order Effects Heterogeneous

Past research on ballot order effects has typically focused on the average benefit a candidate receives if placed at the top of the ballot. This study addresses a gap in the literature by examining

Estimating Causal Effects of Ballot Order from a Randomized Natural Experiment The California Alphabet Lottery, 1978–2002

Randomized natural experiments provide social scientists with rare opportunities to draw credible causal inferences in real-world settings. We capitalize on such a unique experiment to examine how

How Much is Enough? The "Ballot Order Effect" and the use of Social Science Research in Election Law Disputes

Previous empirical research and other related research from survey methodology holds that candidates listed first on an election ballot may gain some measure of advantage from this ballot placement.

Randomization Inference with Natural Experiments: An Analysis of Ballot Effects in the 2003 California Recall Election

Since the 2000 U.S. Presidential election, social scientists have rediscovered a long tradition of research that investigates the effects of ballot format on voting. Using a new dataset collected by

Rethinking the Vote: The Politics and Prospects of American Election Reform

I. INTRODUCTION A Tale of Two Democracies II. PROBLEMS THAT MIGHT NEED FIXING Election Reform: The U.S. News Media's Response to the Mistakes Of Election 2000 Counting Ballots and the 2000 Election:

Randomization Inference With Natural Experiments

Since the 2000 U.S. Presidential election, social scientists have rediscovered a long tradition of research examining the effects of ballot format on voting. Using a new dataset collected by The New

Order effects in belief updating: The belief-adjustment model

Series Position Effects In Random Event Generator Experiments