On the Beginnings of South Asian Spice Trade with the Mediterranean Region: A Review

@article{Gilboa2015OnTB,
  title={On the Beginnings of South Asian Spice Trade with the Mediterranean Region: A Review},
  author={Ayelet Gilboa and Dvory Namdar},
  journal={Radiocarbon},
  year={2015},
  volume={57},
  pages={265 - 283}
}
When did the trade in lucrative spices from South Asia to the West commence? Recent organic residue analyses performed on small early Iron Age (11th–late 10th century BCE) Phoenician clay flasks provide the first concrete archaeological evidence that such sustainable trade took place much earlier than hitherto suspected. The analysis shows that several of the flasks contained cinnamon, which in this period could only have originated in South/Southeast Asia. Here, we first summarize the… 

Two Cypriot Pithoi from Late Bronze Age Tel Burna

Bronze Age trade in the Eastern Mediterranean is well attested in south Levantine archaeological research, with imported vessels generally playing a significant role in the ceramic assemblage. While

On the Origin of Iron Age Phoenician Ceramics at Kommos, Crete: Regional and Diachronic Perspectives across the Bronze Age to Iron Age Transition

Excavations at Kommos, Crete, have unearthed hundreds of fragments of Iron Age Levantine transport jars—an unusual phenomenon in the Iron Age Mediterranean. Though usually termed “Phoenician,” their

The Southern Levantine Roots of the Phoenician Mercantile Phenomenon

  • A. Gilboa
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Society of Overseas Research
  • 2022
I propose here a new way to look at the process through which, following the Bronze Age collapse and culminating in the second half of the 9th century b.c.e., polities in south Lebanon became the

Exotic foods reveal contact between South Asia and the Near East during the second millennium BCE

TLDR
The identification of staple and exotic food remains in Bronze and Early Iron Age dental calculus from the Southern Levant enables a new understanding of the complexity of early trade routes and nascent globalization in the ancient Near East and raises questions about the long-term maintenance and continuity of this trade system into later periods.

The Regional Economy of the Southern Levant in the 8th-7th Centuries BCE

The late Iron Age in the ancient Near East was a period marked by dramatic changes. Politically, the rise of the Neo-Assyrian empire ushers in the beginning of imperial rule. At the same time,

Book review: Ranabir Chakravarti, The Pull Towards the Coast and Other Essays: The Indian Ocean History and the Subcontinent Before 1500 CE

Ranabir Chakravarti, The Pull Towards the Coast and Other Essays: The Indian Ocean History and the Subcontinent Before 1500 CE, Primus Books, New Delhi, 2020, xiv + 326 pp., ₹1395, ISBN:

Rethinking the Social Complexity of Early Iron Age Nomads

Recent evidence from the Aravah Valley challenges the prevailing assumption that Bedouin ethnography and inferences from ancient Near Eastern archives can adequately compensate for the archaeological

Preface—The Iron Age in Israel: The Exact and Life Sciences Perspectives

TLDR
New ground was broken on three fronts: conceptual, methodological, and in the generation of new data that indeed provide novel insights into the history and material culture of Ancient Israel in particular and the Iron Age Levant in general.

Black Pepper Consumption in the Roman Empire

During the Roman Imperial period huge quantities of black pepper arrived into the Empire from southern India and were employed in a range of contexts, from the culinary and medicinal, to the

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 238 REFERENCES

The impact of southeast Arabian intra-regional trade on settlement location and organization during the Iron Age II period

The impact of camel domestication on the location and organisation of settlements dating between 1000 and 600 BC in southeastern Arabia is discussed. It is argued that the ability to transport goods

Early Iron Age Dor (Israel): A Faunal Perspective

This paper presents a study of archaeozoological remains from an early Iron Age (Iron I-IIA) sequence at the "Sea People"/Phoenician site of Tel Dor, on Israel's Carmel coast (Area D2). Detailed

The evolution of long distance trading relationships across the LBA : Iron age transition on the northern Levantine coast : crisis, continuity and change : a study based on imported ceramics, bronze and its constituent metals

This work investigates the excavated archaeological record of the northern Levantine littoral for specific evidence of continuity or change in the regional economic structure after the period of

Rethinking some aspects of trade in the Arabian Gulf

Abstract Recent excavations at Tell Abraq in the United Arab Emirates have brought to light material dating to the third, second and first millennium BC which calls into question certain long‐held

Archaeological, Linguistic and Historical Sources on Ancient Seafaring: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Early Maritime Contact and Exchange in the Arabian Peninsula

The Arabian subcontinent sits at a critical juncture in the Old World, surrounded to the west, north and east respectively by the African landmass, the Levant (with the European world beyond it), and

Sea Peoples and Phoenicians along the Southern Phoenician Coast: A Reconciliation: An Interpretation of Šikila (SKL) Material Culture

  • A. Gilboa
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 2005
This paper attempts to interpret group identities along the Canaanite coast in the Early Iron Age, beginning with an analysis of functional and symbolic properties of ceramics. The starting point is

Biblical Evidence of Spice Trade Between India and the Land of Israel: A Historical Analysis

Sacred Jewish texts offer useful indications about trade in spices, such as pepper and other commodities, between India and the Land of Israel. My research has not revealed any systematic study of

INCENSE, CAMELS AND COLLARED RIM JARS: DESERT TRADE ROUTES AND MARITIME OUTLETS IN THE SECOND MILLENNIUM

Summary. The camel-borne incense trade, from Arabia to the Levant, was an important element in the economy of the eastern Mediterranean region in the first millennium BC. This paper suggests that its

Between the Carmel and the Sea: Tel Dor's Iron Age Reconsidered

Tel Dor, shown in this aerial view looking southeast, was a major Iron Age entrep?t on the Carmel coast. After twenty-five years of nearly continuous excavation, the site continues to give up its
...