On the Beginnings of South Asian Spice Trade with the Mediterranean Region: A Review

@article{Gilboa2015OnTB,
  title={On the Beginnings of South Asian Spice Trade with the Mediterranean Region: A Review},
  author={A. Gilboa and Dvory Namdar},
  journal={Radiocarbon},
  year={2015},
  volume={57},
  pages={265 - 283}
}
When did the trade in lucrative spices from South Asia to the West commence? Recent organic residue analyses performed on small early Iron Age (11th–late 10th century BCE) Phoenician clay flasks provide the first concrete archaeological evidence that such sustainable trade took place much earlier than hitherto suspected. The analysis shows that several of the flasks contained cinnamon, which in this period could only have originated in South/Southeast Asia. Here, we first summarize the… Expand
Two Cypriot Pithoi from Late Bronze Age Tel Burna
Bronze Age trade in the Eastern Mediterranean is well attested in south Levantine archaeological research, with imported vessels generally playing a significant role in the ceramic assemblage. WhileExpand
On the Origin of Iron Age Phoenician Ceramics at Kommos, Crete: Regional and Diachronic Perspectives across the Bronze Age to Iron Age Transition
Excavations at Kommos, Crete, have unearthed hundreds of fragments of Iron Age Levantine transport jars—an unusual phenomenon in the Iron Age Mediterranean. Though usually termed “Phoenician,” theirExpand
Exotic foods reveal contact between South Asia and the Near East during the second millennium BCE
TLDR
The identification of staple and exotic food remains in Bronze and Early Iron Age dental calculus from the Southern Levant enables a new understanding of the complexity of early trade routes and nascent globalization in the ancient Near East and raises questions about the long-term maintenance and continuity of this trade system into later periods. Expand
The Regional Economy of the Southern Levant in the 8th-7th Centuries BCE
The late Iron Age in the ancient Near East was a period marked by dramatic changes. Politically, the rise of the Neo-Assyrian empire ushers in the beginning of imperial rule. At the same time,Expand
Rethinking the Social Complexity of Early Iron Age Nomads
Recent evidence from the Aravah Valley challenges the prevailing assumption that Bedouin ethnography and inferences from ancient Near Eastern archives can adequately compensate for the archaeologicalExpand
Preface—The Iron Age in Israel: The Exact and Life Sciences Perspectives
TLDR
New ground was broken on three fronts: conceptual, methodological, and in the generation of new data that indeed provide novel insights into the history and material culture of Ancient Israel in particular and the Iron Age Levant in general. Expand
Black Pepper Consumption in the Roman Empire
During the Roman Imperial period huge quantities of black pepper arrived into the Empire from southern India and were employed in a range of contexts, from the culinary and medicinal, to theExpand
Proteomic analysis of archaeological ceramics from Tell Khaiber, southern Iraq
Abstract Archaeological ceramics are a rich source of ancient biomolecules and their analysis provides valuable information with regard to ancient diet. Traditionally, biomolecular analyses onExpand
An Introduction to Sri Lanka and Its Cinnamon Industry
Cinnamon is synonymous with Ceylon (Sri Lanka), the island country that has been, and continues to be, the major supplier of true cinnamon to the world for over a millennium. The product known in theExpand
Heated beeswax usage in mortuary practices: The case of Ḥorvat Tevet (Jezreel Valley, Israel) ca. 1000 BCE
Abstract The article presents and discusses the results of Residue Analysis performed on 27 pottery vessels, placed as offerings in burials dating to the Iron I period (ca. 1050–900 BCE) at the siteExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 243 REFERENCES
The impact of southeast Arabian intra-regional trade on settlement location and organization during the Iron Age II period
The impact of camel domestication on the location and organisation of settlements dating between 1000 and 600 BC in southeastern Arabia is discussed. It is argued that the ability to transport goodsExpand
Chemical evidence for wine production around 4000 BCE in the Late Chalcolithic Near Eastern highlands
Archaeological excavations in the Areni-1 cave complex in southeastern Armenia revealed installations and artifacts dating to around 4000 cal. BCE that are strongly indicative of wine production.Expand
Early Iron Age Dor (Israel): A Faunal Perspective
This paper presents a study of archaeozoological remains from an early Iron Age (Iron I-IIA) sequence at the "Sea People"/Phoenician site of Tel Dor, on Israel's Carmel coast (Area D2). DetailedExpand
The evolution of long distance trading relationships across the LBA : Iron age transition on the northern Levantine coast : crisis, continuity and change : a study based on imported ceramics, bronze and its constituent metals
This work investigates the excavated archaeological record of the northern Levantine littoral for specific evidence of continuity or change in the regional economic structure after the period ofExpand
Rethinking some aspects of trade in the Arabian Gulf
Abstract Recent excavations at Tell Abraq in the United Arab Emirates have brought to light material dating to the third, second and first millennium BC which calls into question certain long‐heldExpand
Archaeological, Linguistic and Historical Sources on Ancient Seafaring: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Early Maritime Contact and Exchange in the Arabian Peninsula
The Arabian subcontinent sits at a critical juncture in the Old World, surrounded to the west, north and east respectively by the African landmass, the Levant (with the European world beyond it), andExpand
Sea Peoples and Phoenicians along the Southern Phoenician Coast: A Reconciliation: An Interpretation of Šikila (SKL) Material Culture
  • A. Gilboa
  • History
  • Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 2005
This paper attempts to interpret group identities along the Canaanite coast in the Early Iron Age, beginning with an analysis of functional and symbolic properties of ceramics. The starting point isExpand
Biblical Evidence of Spice Trade Between India and the Land of Israel: A Historical Analysis
Sacred Jewish texts offer useful indications about trade in spices, such as pepper and other commodities, between India and the Land of Israel. My research has not revealed any systematic study ofExpand
INCENSE, CAMELS AND COLLARED RIM JARS: DESERT TRADE ROUTES AND MARITIME OUTLETS IN THE SECOND MILLENNIUM
Summary. The camel-borne incense trade, from Arabia to the Levant, was an important element in the economy of the eastern Mediterranean region in the first millennium BC. This paper suggests that itsExpand
Between the Carmel and the Sea: Tel Dor's Iron Age Reconsidered
Tel Dor, shown in this aerial view looking southeast, was a major Iron Age entrep?t on the Carmel coast. After twenty-five years of nearly continuous excavation, the site continues to give up itsExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...