On-surface synthesis of graphene nanoribbons with zigzag edge topology

@article{Ruffieux2016OnsurfaceSO,
  title={On-surface synthesis of graphene nanoribbons with zigzag edge topology},
  author={Pascal Ruffieux and Shiyong Wang and Bo Yang and Carlos M. S{\'a}nchez-S{\'a}nchez and Jia Liu and Thomas Dienel and Leopold Talirz and Prashant P. Shinde and Carlo A. Pignedoli and Daniele Passerone and Tim Dumslaff and Xinliang Feng and Klaus M{\"u}llen and Roman Fasel},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2016},
  volume={531},
  pages={489-492}
}
Graphene-based nanostructures exhibit electronic properties that are not present in extended graphene. For example, quantum confinement in carbon nanotubes and armchair graphene nanoribbons leads to the opening of substantial electronic bandgaps that are directly linked to their structural boundary conditions. Nanostructures with zigzag edges are expected to host spin-polarized electronic edge states and can thus serve as key elements for graphene-based spintronics. The edge states of zigzag… 
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