On resolving the enigma of infantile amnesia.

@article{Howe1993OnRT,
  title={On resolving the enigma of infantile amnesia.},
  author={Mark L Howe and Mary L. Courage},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={1993},
  volume={113 2},
  pages={
          305-26
        }
}
Historical and current theories of infantile amnesia are examined. To evaluate the viability of these theories, as well as the phenomenon of infantile amnesia itself, a review of memory development from birth through the preschool years is provided, including an overview of relevant perceptual and neurological maturation. In the context of this review, extant theories of infantile amnesia are shown to falter, and it is concluded that infantile amnesia is a chimera of a previously unexplored… 
Infantile amnesia: a neurogenic hypothesis.
TLDR
A hypothesis of infantile amnesia is proposed that focuses on one specific aspect of postnatal brain development--the continued addition of new neurons to the hippocampus, most likely by replacing synaptic connections in preexisting hippocampal memory circuits.
The Nature of Infantile Amnesia
Childhood amnesia.
TLDR
It is argued that a comprehensive theory of childhood amnesia will require an understanding of neurological, cognitive, language, and social development and that a two-stage phenomenon consists of at least two separate phases.
Unravelling the nature of early (autobiographical) memory
TLDR
It is suggested that infantile amnesia may actually begin during infancy itself, and a functional approach to understanding why the forgetting of early experiences may be more adaptive than remembering them is suggested.
Infantile amnesia reconsidered: A cross-cultural analysis
TLDR
Five theoretical explanations for infantile amnesia are discussed, including cognitive and social discontinuity, the emergence of the self, early parent-child memory sharing, functions of autobiographical memory, and the complexity of life experience.
Ontogeny of memory: An update on 40 years of work on infantile amnesia
Infant memory development: Im-plications for childhood amnesia
Culture and Language in the Emergence of Autobiographical Memory
TLDR
The gradual emergence of autobiographical memories across the preschool years is demonstrated and this developmental process to specific developments in language, narrative, and understanding of self and other that vary among individuals, as well as by culture and gender are related.
Defining the boundary of childhood amnesia
TLDR
In the present experiment, it is examined how changes in scoring criteria influence the estimates of the age of adults’ earliest memories and it is concluded that some coding criteria are more valid than others and that the best estimates of childhood amnesia will include measures of free recall.
The emergence of autobiographical memory: a social cultural developmental theory.
TLDR
The authors consider the relevance of the theory to explanations of childhood amnesia and how the theory accounts for and predicts the complex findings on adults' earliest memories, including individual, gender, and cultural differences.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 202 REFERENCES
Characterizing amnesic patients for neurobehavioral study.
TLDR
The present article considers the suitability of several memory tests and other cognitive tests for the purpose of characterizing amnesic patients and considers similarities and differences between patient groups tested in different laboratories.
Amnesia: A disconnection syndrome?
Stimulus attributes of reactivated memory: alleviation of ontogenetic forgetting in rats is context specific.
TLDR
Findings demonstrate that environment context is an important component of the originally encoded memory as well as the reactivated amnestic memory in the reactivation of memory.
Relations between brain and cognitive development.
  • K. Fischer
  • Biology, Psychology
    Child development
  • 1987
TLDR
Important new data on cortical development in rhesus monkeys is reported, especially concurrent cortical synaptogenesis, which may be related to cognitive capacities that develop in infancy.
Childhood amnesia and the beginnings of memory for four early life events.
TLDR
Results show that the offset of childhood amnesia (earliest age of recall) is age 2 for hospitalization and sibling birth and 3 for death and move, indicating that some memories are available from earlier in childhood than previous research has suggested.
Mirrow reactions of Down's syndrome infants and toddlers: cognitive underpinnings of self-recognition.
TLDR
To examine the developmental significance of mirrow self-recognition in early childhood, a cross-sectional study with 55 Down's syndrome children was conducted and found that when developmental age was equated, the Down's Syndrome children showed parallel development to normal children.
The neuroanatomy of amnesia: amygdala-hippocampus versus temporal stem.
TLDR
The results indicate that the hippocampus, amygdala, or both, but not the temporal stem, are involved in memory in the monkey and suggest that a rapprochement between the findings for the human and the nonhuman primate may be close at hand.
The development of memory in Children
Charting the development of several different facets of memory, "The Development of Memory in Children" shows how developmental changes in memory relate to more general cognitive changes. Robert Kail
Development of Long-Term Retention
The controversy over the reliability of children's eyewitness testimony has helped to stimulate a renewed interest in the study of long-term retention. This study presents new and previously
...
1
2
3
4
5
...