On quantitative measures of indirect interactions.

  title={On quantitative measures of indirect interactions.},
  author={Toshinori Okuyama and Benjamin M Bolker},
  journal={Ecology letters},
  volume={10 4},
Indirect effects, whether density-mediated (DMII) or trait-mediated (TMII), have been recognized as potentially important drivers of community dynamics. However, empirical studies that have attempted to detect TMII or to quantify the relative strength of DMII and TMII in short-term studies have used a range of different metrics. We review these studies and assess both the consistency of a variety of different metrics and their robustness to (or ability to detect) ecological phenomena such as… CONTINUE READING

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