On natural and artificial vaccinations.

@article{Zinkernagel2003OnNA,
  title={On natural and artificial vaccinations.},
  author={Rolf Martin Zinkernagel},
  journal={Annual review of immunology},
  year={2003},
  volume={21},
  pages={515-46}
}
This review summarizes the general parameters of cell- and antibody-mediated immune protection and the basic mechanisms responsible for what we call immunological memory. From this basis, the various successes and difficulties of vaccines are evaluated with respect to the role of antigen in maintaining protective immunity. Based on the fact that in humans during the first 12-48 months maternal antibodies from milk and serum protect against classical acute childhood and other infections, the… CONTINUE READING

Connections & Topics

Mentioned Connections BETA
Although vaccines are available against the classical childhood diseases , they are not available for many seemingly milder childhood infections such as gastrointestinal and respiratory infections ; these may eventually trigger immunopathological diseases .
Although vaccines are available against the classical childhood diseases , they are not available for many seemingly milder childhood infections such as gastrointestinal and respiratory infections ; these may eventually trigger immunopathological diseases .
All Topics