On modelling the immune system as a complex system

Abstract

We argued that immune system is an adaptive complex system. It is shown that it has emergent properties. Its network structure is of the small world network type. The network is of the threshold type, which helps in avoiding autoimmunity. It has the property that every antigen (e.g. virus or bacteria) is typically attacked by more than one effector. This… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.thbio.2005.07.001

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