On-line quantitative analysis of surface electromyography of the pelvic floor in patients with faecal incontinence.


BACKGROUND Needle electromyography (EMG) remains the 'gold standard' for the assessment of external anal sphincter innervation. It is, however, an invasive and poorly tolerated technique. In this study a quantitative form of surface electromyography was compared with needle EMG of the external anal sphincter. METHODS Invasive needle EMG to assess mean… (More)


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