On instabilities of deep learning in image reconstruction and the potential costs of AI

  title={On instabilities of deep learning in image reconstruction and the potential costs of AI},
  author={Vegard Antun and Francesco Renna and C. Poon and B. Adcock and A. Hansen},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  pages={30088 - 30095}
  • Vegard Antun, Francesco Renna, +2 authors A. Hansen
  • Published 2020
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • Deep learning, due to its unprecedented success in tasks such as image classification, has emerged as a new tool in image reconstruction with potential to change the field. In this paper, we demonstrate a crucial phenomenon: Deep learning typically yields unstable methods for image reconstruction. The instabilities usually occur in several forms: 1) Certain tiny, almost undetectable perturbations, both in the image and sampling domain, may result in severe artefacts in the reconstruction; 2) a… CONTINUE READING
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