On gender and philosophical intuition: Failure of replication and other negative results

  title={On gender and philosophical intuition: Failure of replication and other negative results},
  author={Hamid Seyedsayamdost},
  journal={Philosophical Psychology},
  pages={642 - 673}
In their paper titled “Gender and philosophical intuition,” Buckwalter and Stich (forthcoming) argue that the intuitions of women and men differ significantly on various types of philosophical questions. Furthermore, men's intuitions, so the authors claim, are more in line with traditionally accepted solutions of classical problems. This inherent bias, so the argument goes, is one of the factors that leads more men than women to pursue degrees and careers in philosophy. These findings have… 
Philosophical Intuitions Are Surprisingly Robust Across Demographic Differences
  • J. Knobe
  • Philosophy
    Epistemology & Philosophy of Science
  • 2019
Within the existing metaphilosophical literature on experimental philosophy, a great deal of attention has been devoted to the claim that there are large differences in philosophical intuitions
Different Voices, Perfect Storms, and Asking Grandma What She Thinks: Situating Experimental Philosophy in Relation to Feminist Philosophy
At first glance it might appear that experimental philosophers and feminist philosophers would make good allies. Nonetheless, experimental philosophy has received criticism from feminist fronts, both
The Stability of Philosophical Intuitions: Failed Replications of Swain et al. (2008)
Abstract In their widely cited article, Swain et al. (2008) report data that, purportedly, demonstrates instability of folk epistemic intuitions regarding the famous Truetemp case authored by Keith
Moral Judgments, Gender, and Social Preferences: An Experimental Study
We study questionnaire responses to moral dilemmas hypothetical situations in which sacrificing one life may save many other lives. We demonstrate gender differences in moral judgments: male
On Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions: Further Evidence for Cross-Cultural Uniformity of Epistemic Intuitions - Short Report
A highly influential paper authored by Jonathan Weinberg, Shaun Nichols, and Stephen Stich in 2001 claimed that the epistemic intuitions of individuals varied depending on ethnic background.
P-curving x-phi: Does experimental philosophy have evidential value?
In this article, we analyse the evidential value of the corpus of experimental philosophy (x-phi). While experimental philosophers claim that their studies provide insight into philosophical
Saving the armchair by experiment: what works in economics doesn’t work in philosophy
Financial incentives, learning (feedback and repetition), group consultation, and increased experimental control are among the experimental techniques economists have successfully used to deflect the
Demythologizing intuition
Abstract Max Deutsch’s new book argues against the commonly held ‘myth’ that philosophical methodology characteristically employs intuitions as evidence. While I am sympathetic to the general claim
The psychology of philosophy: Associating philosophical views with psychological traits in professional philosophers
ABSTRACT Do psychological traits predict philosophical views? We administered the PhilPapers Survey, created by David Bourget and David Chalmers, which consists of 30 views on central philosophical
Gender differences in moral judgment and the evaluation of gender-specified moral agents
This work explores gender differences in three moral dilemmas: a typical personal dilemma, a typical impersonal dilemma, and an intermediate dilemma, which is not as emotionally salient as typical personal moral dilemma, but contains an equally strong violation of Kant’s practical imperative.


Gender and Philosophical Intuition
In recent years, there has been much concern expressed about the under-representation of women in academic philosophy. Our goal in this paper is to call attention to a cluster of phenomena that may
Experimental philosophy is the name for a recent movement whose participants use the methods of experimental psychology to probe the way people think about philosophical issues and then examine how
In disputes about conceptual analysis, each side typically appeals to pre-theoretical ‘intuitions’ about particular cases. Recently, many naturalistically oriented philosophers have suggested that
The Rules of the Game Called Psychological Science
This paper considers 13 meta-analyses covering 281 primary studies in various fields of psychology and finds indications of biases and/or an excess of significant results in seven, highlighting the need for sufficiently powerful replications and changes in journal policies.
Scientific Utopia
Strategies for improving scientific practices and knowledge accumulation are developed that account for ordinary human motivations and biases and can reduce the persistence of false findings.
Why Science Is Not Necessarily Self-Correcting
  • J. Ioannidis
  • Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2012
A number of impediments to self-correction that have been empirically studied in psychological science are cataloged and some proposed solutions to promote sound replication practices enhancing the credibility of scientific results are discussed.
Publication Decisions and their Possible Effects on Inferences Drawn from Tests of Significance—or Vice Versa
Abstract There is some evidence that in fields where statistical tests of significance are commonly used, research which yields nonsignificant results is not published. Such research being unknown to
How Many Scientists Fabricate and Falsify Research? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Survey Data
Meta-regression showed that self reports surveys, surveys using the words “falsification” or “fabrication”, and mailed surveys yielded lower percentages of misconduct, and when these factors were controlled for, misconduct was reported more frequently by medical/pharmacological researchers than others.
Publication decisions revisited: the effect of the outcome of statistical tests on the decision to p
Evidence that published results of scientific investigations are not a representative sample of results of all scientific studies is presented and practice leading to publication bias have not changed over a period of 30 years is indicated.
Experimental philosophy.
The present review focuses on research in experimental philosophy on four central questions: why is it that people's moral judgments appear to influence their intuitions about seemingly nonmoral questions, do people think that moral questions have objective answers, and do people see morality as fundamentally relative.