On fundamental quantum noises of whispering gallery mode electro-optic modulators.

@article{Matsko2007OnFQ,
  title={On fundamental quantum noises of whispering gallery mode electro-optic modulators.},
  author={Andrey B. Matsko and Anatoliy Savchenkov and Vladimir Ilchenko and David Seidel and Lute Maleki},
  journal={Optics express},
  year={2007},
  volume={15 25},
  pages={17401-9}
}
Using the example of whispering gallery mode (WGM) electro-optic modulator (EOM) we show that the majority of phase EOMs, particularly the resonant types, introduce additional quantum noise to the modulated light. The noise power grows quadratically with the optical power and results from the unavoidable spontaneous emission process originating from the… CONTINUE READING