On flower visitors and true pollinators: The case of protandrous Heracleum sphondylium L. (Apiaceae)

  title={On flower visitors and true pollinators: The case of protandrous Heracleum sphondylium L. (Apiaceae)},
  author={Marcin Zych},
  journal={Plant Systematics and Evolution},
Hogweed (Heracleum sphondylium L.), a common European umbellifer, is very variable in terms of flower and inflorescence morphology. Its flowers are visited by numerous insects, yet little is known about the importance of the particular insect taxa. I observed umbels of two colour morphs (subspecies) of Heracleum sphondylium growing in NE Poland, which were visited by more than 108 insect species during two study seasons. Analysis of the insects' importance suggests that the most efficient… CONTINUE READING
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