On economic causes of civil war

  title={On economic causes of civil war},
  author={By Paul Collier and Anke Hoefflert},
  • By Paul Collier, Anke Hoefflert
  • Published 2005
We investigate whether civil wars have economic causes. The model is based on utility theory, rebels will conduct a civil war if the perceived benefits outweigh the costs of rebellion. Using probit and tobit models the propositions are tested empirically. Four variables, initial income, ethno-linguistic fractionalisation, the amount of natural resources, and initial population size are significant and strong determinants of the duration and the probability of civil wars. One important finding… CONTINUE READING
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