On economic causes of civil war

@inproceedings{Collier1998OnEC,
  title={On economic causes of civil war},
  author={Paul. Collier and Anke Hoeffler},
  year={1998}
}
The authors investigate whether civil wars have economic causes. The model is based on utility theory, rebels will conduct a civil war if the perceived benefits outweigh the costs of rebellion. Using probit and tobit models, the propositions are tested empirically. Four variables, initial income, ethno-linguistic fractionalization, the amount of natural resources, and initial population size are significant and strong determinants of the duration and the probability of civil wars. One important… Expand

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