On a Straw Man in the Philosophy of Science: A Defense of the Received View

@article{Lutz2012OnAS,
  title={On a Straw Man in the Philosophy of Science: A Defense of the Received View},
  author={Sebastian Lutz},
  journal={HOPOS: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science},
  year={2012},
  volume={2},
  pages={77 - 120}
}
  • Sebastian Lutz
  • Published 2012
  • Philosophy
  • HOPOS: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science
The Received View on scientific theories as developed by Carnap, Hempel, and Feigl is now generally considered to have failed for a variety of reasons, bringing down a number of dependent philosophical analyses and contributing to the demise of logical empiricism. In a first step toward a rehabilitation of the Received View, I defend it against some major criticisms that are based on four misconceptions. First, I dispute the claim that the Received View demands axiomatizations of scientific… Expand
History and Philosophy of Science: Between Description and Construction
  • Friedrich Stadler
  • Philosophy, Computer Science
  • New Directions in the Philosophy of Science
  • 2014
TLDR
The need for closer and more intrinsic cooperation and interaction between history of science and philosophy of science (including the social and cultural sciences) from a theoretical and practical point of view such that no part of this joint scholarly enterprise is privileged is privileged. Expand
Scientific Theories ∗
Since the beginning of the 20th century, philosophers of science have asked, “what kind of thing is a scientific theory?” The logical positivists answered: a scientific theory is a mathematicalExpand
What’s Right with a Syntactic Approach to Theories and Models?
Syntactic approaches in the philosophy of science, which are based on formalizations in predicate logic, are often considered in principle inferior to semantic approaches, which are based onExpand
Appendix: Some Basic Concepts of Philosophy of Science
TLDR
A syntactic view of scientific theories, axiomatic systems, the idea of falsification, and the dichotomies analytic/synthetic and a priori/a posteriori are surveyed. Expand
Defending the Semantic View: what it takes
In this paper, a modest version of the Semantic View is motivated as both tenable and potentially fruitful for philosophy of science. An analysis is proposed in which the Semantic View isExpand
Criteria of empirical significance: a success story
The sheer multitude of criteria of empirical significance has been taken as evidence that the pre-analytic notion being explicated is too vague to be useful. I show instead that a significant numberExpand
A Finite Memory Argument for an Axiomatic Conception of Scientific Theories
This article concerns the split between syntactic and semantic approaches to scientific theories. It aims at showing that an axiomatic representation of a scientific theory is a precondition ofExpand
On French on theories and representation
In his refreshingly non-parochial book There Are No Such Things as Theories, Steven French develops an ontology and an account of representation for the Partial Structures View in the philosophy ofExpand
The received view on quantum non-individuality: formal and metaphysical analysis
TLDR
This paper shall discuss how the specific characterization of the RV through non-reflexive logics came to be framed and how some of these alternative approaches to the RV may be immune to most of the criticisms presented against the non- Reflexive approach. Expand
Necessitism, Contingentism, and Theory Equivalence
  • B. Jacinto
  • Computer Science, Mathematics
  • The Bulletin of Symbolic Logic
  • 2021
TLDR
It is concluded that Plantingan Moderate Contingentism and Williamsonian Thorough Necessitism are both correct, and the dispute between Plantingans and Williamsonians is, in an important sense, merely verbal. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 155 REFERENCES
The Classical Model of Science: a millennia-old model of scientific rationality
TLDR
It is claimed that particularly fruitful insights are gained by seeing themes such as the analytic-synthetic distinction, the axiomatic method, the hierarchical order of sciences and the status of logic as a science against the background of the Classical Model of Science. Expand
What's Wrong with the Received View of Evolutionary Theory?
  • J. Beatty
  • Mathematics
  • PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association
  • 1980
Much if not most recent literature in philosophy of biology concerns the extent to which biological theories conform to what is known as the "received" philosophical view of scientific theories, aExpand
The Theory Debate in Psychology
This paper is a conceptual analysis of the theory debate in psychology, as carried out by cognitivists and radical behaviorists. The debate has focused on the necessity of theories in psychology.Expand
Logical content and empirical significance
This paper investigates the possibility of completing a Positivist style account of empirical significance. This is central to the positivists’ core project of demarcating science fromExpand
Some Remarks on Problems and Methods in the Philosophy of Science
What sort of subject is the philosophy of science? It would be difficult to find any sort of agreement on the answer to this question. There are a large number of physicists who have promoted theExpand
The Poverty of Analysis
I argue that philosophy is like science in three interesting and non-obvious ways. First, the claims made by philosophy are synthetic, not analytic: philosophical claims, just like scientific claims,Expand
What Theories are Not
TLDR
The chapter discusses those theories that are to be thought of as “partially interpreted calculi” in which only the “observation terms” are “directly interpreted”. Expand
Carnap on concept determination: methodology for philosophy of science
Recent criticisms of intuition from experimental philosophy and elsewhere have helped undermine the authority of traditional conceptual analysis. As the product of more empirically informedExpand
Reflections on the revolution at Stanford
  • F. Muller
  • Philosophy, Computer Science
  • Synthese
  • 2009
TLDR
It is expound some critical reflections on the Model Revolution and the conclusions will be that the philosophical problem of what a scientific theory is has not been solved yet—pace Suppes. Expand
Human Rationality Challenges Universal Logic
  • B. Gaines
  • Philosophy, Computer Science
  • Logica Universalis
  • 2010
TLDR
The issue of what relationship Tarski's analysis, and Béziau’s further generalization of it in universal logic, have to reasoning in the everyday lives of ordinary people from the cognitive processes of children through to those of specialists in the empirical and deductive sciences is addressed. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...