On Uncertainty, Ambiguity, and Complexity in Project Management

@article{Pich2002OnUA,
  title={On Uncertainty, Ambiguity, and Complexity in Project Management},
  author={Michael T. Pich and Christoph H. Loch and Arnoud De Meyer},
  journal={Manag. Sci.},
  year={2002},
  volume={48},
  pages={1008-1023}
}
This article develops a model of a project as a payoff function that depends on the state of the world and the choice of a sequence of actions. A causal mapping, which may be incompletely known by the project team, represents the impact of possible actions on the states of the world. An underlying probability space represents available information about the state of the world. Interactions among actions and states of the world determine the complexity of the payoff function. Activities are… 

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