- Published 2015

CFD simulations of single-phase flows are regularly performed as steady-state utilizing closure models of varying complexity. On the contrary, dense gas-solid flows are usually computed as time dependent. These simulations commonly require a small time step and a fine mesh resulting in costly and time-consuming computations. In case of large industrial circulating fluidized beds (CFB), the steady-state CFD modeling would be an attractive alternative for the transient simulations, if reliable closure models for the time-averaged transport equations were available. The multiphase closure models developed for time-dependent CFB computations are not as such applicable to the steady-state approach. For instance, the fraction of the momentum transfer expressed by the velocities is significantly smaller in the steady-state models than in the transient ones. Therefore, the steady-state simulations rely more on the closure relations and especially on the models for inter-phase momentum transfer and for the Reynolds stress terms. Several attempts to develop closure models for coarsemesh and steady-state simulations have been presented in the literature. In this paper, a novel steady-state simulation approach for a CFB process and a corresponding CFD model are introduced. A successful steady-state simulation for a test case is presented. Compared to the timedependent simulations, the computing time is reduced by a factor of an order of 1000.

@inproceedings{Taivassalo2015OnTC,
title={On Time-Averaged CFD Modeling of Circulating Fluidized Beds},
author={Veikko Taivassalo and Sirpa Kallio and Juho Peltola},
year={2015}
}