On Strawson’s critique of explication as a method in philosophy

@article{Pinder2017OnSC,
  title={On Strawson’s critique of explication as a method in philosophy},
  author={Mark Pinder},
  journal={Synthese},
  year={2017},
  volume={197},
  pages={955-981}
}
  • Mark Pinder
  • Published 14 November 2017
  • Computer Science, Philosophy
  • Synthese
In the course of theorising, it can be appropriate to replace one concept—a folk concept, or one drawn from an earlier stage of theorising—with a more precise counterpart. The best-known account of concept replacement is Rudolf Carnap’s ‘explication’. P.F. Strawson famously critiqued explication as a method in philosophy. As the critique is standardly construed, it amounts to the objection that explication is ‘irrelevant’, fails to be ‘illuminating’, or simply ‘changes the subject’. In this… Expand

Figures and Topics from this paper

Conceptual engineering, truth, and efficacy
TLDR
‘functional’ approaches to conceptual engineering are examined, ultimately arguing for a ‘radical’ functionalism according to which even revisions which ‘change the subject’ are permitted, and successful re-engineering is constrained only by the requirement that continuity in needed functions of a pre-engineering concept be maintained somewhere in the postengineering conceptual scheme. Expand
Carnapian explications, experimental philosophy, and fruitful concepts
ABSTRACT It seems natural to think that Carnapian explication and experimental philosophy can go hand in hand. But what exactly explicators can gain from the data provided by experimentalExpand
Why Conceptual Engineers Should Not Worry About Topics
This paper argues for explanatory eliminativism about topics (and cognates, such as subject matters) relative to the domain of conceptual engineering. It has become usual to think that topics serveExpand
What Ought a Fruitful Explicatum to be?
Many concepts are inadequate for serious inquiry, so theorists often seek to engineer new concepts. The method of explication, which involves replacing concepts with more fruitful alternatives, is aExpand
Carnapian frameworks
Carnap’s seminal ‘Empiricism, Semantics and Ontology’ makes important use of the notion of a framework and the related distinction between internal and external questions. But what exactly is aExpand
Explicating the concept of epistemic rationality
A characterization of epistemic rationality, or epistemic justification, is typically taken to require a process of conceptual clarification, and is seen as comprising the core of a theory ofExpand
Conceptual Engineering, Metasemantic Externalism and Speaker-Meaning
What is the relationship between conceptual engineering and metasemantic externalism? Sally Haslanger has argued that metasemantic externalism justifies the seemingly counterintuitive consequences ofExpand
The Austerity Framework and semantic normativity
ABSTRACT According to Herman Cappelen's Austerity Framework, conceptual engineering doesn't involve concepts, and barely involves engineering. I begin by raising two objections to the AusterityExpand
Conceptual engineering, speaker-meaning and philosophy
We sometimes seek to change and improve our conceptual repertoire in some way. This is called ‘conceptual engineering’. In recent work, I have defended the ‘Speaker-Meaning Picture’ of conceptual e...
Scharp on inconsistent concepts and their engineered replacements, or: can we mend these broken things?
ABSTRACTKevin Scharp’s influential work on the alethic paradoxes combines an extensively developed inconsistency theory with a substantial conceptual engineering project. I argue that Scharp’s inco...
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 41 REFERENCES
The Explication Defence of Arguments from Reference
In a number of influential papers, Machery, Mallon, Nichols and Stich have presented a powerful critique of so-called arguments from reference, arguments that assume that a particular theory ofExpand
Carnap on concept determination: methodology for philosophy of science
Recent criticisms of intuition from experimental philosophy and elsewhere have helped undermine the authority of traditional conceptual analysis. As the product of more empirically informedExpand
Explication as a Method of Conceptual Re-engineering
Taking Carnap’s classic exposition as a starting point, this paper develops a pragmatic account of the method of explication, defends it against a range of challenges and proposes a detailed recipeExpand
Gettier and the method of explication: a 60 year old solution to a 50 year old problem
I challenge a cornerstone of the Gettier debate: that a proposed analysis of the concept of knowledge is inadequate unless it entails that people don’t know in Gettier cases. I do so from theExpand
Carnapian explication, formalisms as cognitive tools, and the paradox of adequate formalization
TLDR
This paper reconsiders Carnapian explication by comparing it to a different approach: the ‘formalisms as cognitive tools’ conception (Formal languages in logic), noting that formalization is an inherently paradoxical enterprise in general, but one worth engaging in given the ’cognitive boost’ it affords as a tool for discovery. Expand
Eliminative materialism and the propositional attitudes
Staying within an objectual interpretation of the quantifiers, perhaps the simplest way to make systematic sense of expressions like ' x believes that P ' and closed sentences formed therefrom isExpand
Explication Defended
  • P. Maher
  • Philosophy, Computer Science
  • Stud Logica
  • 2007
TLDR
It is shown that Carnap's response to Strawson's objection that explication changes the subject and does not address the original philosophical problem was inadequate and a better response is offered. Expand
X-Phi and Carnapian Explication
TLDR
X-phi complements Rudolf Carnap’s underappreciated methodology for concept determination, explication, and shows how x-phi assisted explication can apply to normative domains. Expand
Does Experimental Philosophy Have a Role to Play in Carnapian Explication
Shepherd and Justus argue that experimental philosophy has an important role to play in the method of Carnapian explication, facilitating the preparatory stage during which the concept to beExpand
Naming and Necessity
I hope that some people see some connection between the two topics in the title. If not, anyway, such connections will be developed in the course of these talks. Furthermore, because of the use ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...