On Quantum Collapse as a Basis for the Second Law of Thermodynamics

  title={On Quantum Collapse as a Basis for the Second Law of Thermodynamics},
  author={Ruth E. Kastner},
  • R. Kastner
  • Published 24 December 2016
  • Physics
  • Entropy
It was first suggested by David Z. Albert that the existence of a real, physical non-unitary process (i.e., “collapse”) at the quantum level would yield a complete explanation for the Second Law of Thermodynamics (i.e., the increase in entropy over time). The contribution of such a process would be to provide a physical basis for the ontological indeterminacy needed to derive the irreversible Second Law against a backdrop of otherwise reversible, deterministic physical laws. An alternative… 

Unitary-Only Quantum Theory Cannot Consistently Describe the Use of Itself: On the Frauchiger–Renner Paradox

The Frauchiger–Renner Paradox is an extension of paradoxes based on the “Problem of Measurement,” such as Schrödinger’s Cat and Wigner’s Friend. All these paradoxes stem from assuming that quantum

Entropy Derived from Causality

It is demonstrated that time must be discrete in nature and cannot be continuous as assumed in all standard theories of physics including general and special relativity, and classical physics.

From Quantum to Classical Physics: The Role of Distinguishability

The transition from quantum to classical statistics is studied in light of Huggett's finding that the empirical data do not support the usual claim that the distinction between classical and quantum

Classical and Quantum H-Theorem Revisited: Variational Entropy and Relaxation Processes

A novel framework to describe the time-evolution of dilute classical and quantum gases, initially out of equilibrium and with spatial inhomogeneities, towards equilibrium is proposed and the H-functionals are in agreement with the correspondence principle.

On the Status of the Measurement Problem: Recalling the Relativistic Transactional Interpretation

In view of a resurgence of concern about the measurement problem, it is pointed out that the Relativistic Transactional Interpretation (RTI) remedies issues previously considered as drawbacks or

The Thermodynamical Arrow and the Historical Arrow; Are They Equivalent?

In this paper, the relationship between the thermodynamic and historical arrows of time is studied in the context of a simple combinatorial model, and in particular strong versions and weak versions are given.

On the Role of Unitary-Symmetry for the Foundation of Probability and Time in a Realist Approach to Quantum Physics

It is shown that probabilities in quantum physics can be derived from permutation-symmetry and the principle of indifference and the coexistence of quantum physics and relativity theory by making use of the thermal time-flow.

The Relativistic Transactional Interpretation and Spacetime Emergence

We consider the manner in which the spacetime manifold emerges from a quantum substratum through the transactional process, in which spacetime events and their connections are established. In this

Decoherence and the Transactional Interpretation

This paper presents an analysis of decoherence resulting from the physically real non-unitarity, or 'objective reduction,' that occurs in the Transactional Interpretation (TI). Two distinct aspects

Quantifying Absorption in the Transactional Interpretation

The Transactional Interpretation offers a solution to the measurement problem by identifying specific physical conditions precipitating the non-unitary `measurement transition' of von Neumann.



The mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics

Classical mechanics was first envisaged by Newton, formed into a powerful tool by Euler, and brought to perfection by Lagrange and Laplace. It has served as the paradigm of science ever since. Even

Entanglement and the foundations of statistical mechanics

Statistical mechanics is one of the most successful areas of physics. Yet, almost 150 years since its inception, its foundations and basic postulates are still the subject of debate. Here we suggest

The Transactional Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

This book shows how TI can be used to solve the measurement problem of quantum mechanics and explain other puzzles, such as the origin of the 'Born Rule' for the probabilities of measurement results.

Lanford’s Theorem and the Emergence of Irreversibility

It has been a longstanding problem to show how the irreversible behaviour of macroscopic systems can be reconciled with the time-reversal invariance of these same systems when considered from a

Classical Electrodynamics in Terms of Direct Interparticle Action

Many of our present hopes to understand the behavior of matter and energy rely upon the notion of field. Consequently it may be appropriate to re-examine critically the origin and use of this

‘Einselection’ of pointer observables: The new H-theorem?

Towards an Action-at-a-Distance Concept of Spacetime

John Stachel and action at a distance? Direct connection or not as there may be between these two themes, physics, with its ever-growing reach, provides one. Vivid in the memory of one of us (JAW) is

The Possibilist Transactional Interpretation and Relativity

A recent ontological variant of Cramer’s Transactional Interpretation, called “Possibilist Transactional Interpretation” or PTI, is extended to the relativistic domain. The present interpretation

The Emergence of Space–Time: Transactions and Causal Sets

  • R. Kastner
  • Philosophy, Physics
    Adventures in Quantumland
  • 2019
It is noted that the transactional picture of the emergence of spacetime can provide the quantum dynamics that underlie the causal set approach as proposed by Sorkin and others.

The Transactional Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: The Reality of Possibility

Preface 1. Introduction: quantum peculiarities 2. The map vs the territory 3. The original TI: fundamentals 4. The new possibilist TI: fundamentals 5. Challenges, replies, and applications 6. PTI and