On Praising Effectively

@article{Brophy1981OnPE,
  title={On Praising Effectively},
  author={Jere E. Brophy},
  journal={The Elementary School Journal},
  year={1981},
  volume={81},
  pages={269 - 278}
}
  • J. Brophy
  • Published 1 May 1981
  • Education
  • The Elementary School Journal
John, I really enjoyed your story, especially the machine that converts peanut butter into energy. I'd like you to read it to the class later today. Also, how about drawing a picture of what that machine might look like? ... Mary, you did a fine job. I especially liked the way that you wrote your story so neatly-centered headings, no smudges, writing carefully on the lines-keep up the good work! 
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Classroom-process data indicate that teachers’ verbal praise cannot be equated with reinforcement. Typically, such praise is used infrequently, without contingency, specificity, or credibility. Often
Looking in Classrooms
PREFACE. Most chapters conclude with "Summary," "Suggested Activities and Questions, " "References," and "Appendix." 1. CLASSROOM LIFE. ACTION-SYSTEM KNOWLEDGE. CLASSROOM NARRATIVE: AN ELEMENTARY
Training preschool children to recruit natural communities of reinforcement.
TLDR
Generalization programming enabled the children to contact a sometimes dormant, but readily available natural community of teacher praise and reinforcement, i.e., to recruit an increase in cued praise and schedules of praise for their good work.
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Student Characteristics And Teaching