On Modeling Balinese Water Temple Networks as Complex Adaptive Systems

  title={On Modeling Balinese Water Temple Networks as Complex Adaptive Systems},
  author={Daniel J. Falvo},
  journal={Human Ecology},
adaptive systems has enabled him to develop a computer simulation model that represents the likely evolution of cooperative networks of Balinese rice farmers.2 Lansing attributes both theoretical and practical significance to his model and this is accepted by others (e.g., Asian Development Bank, 1988). Theoretical significance is claimed to lie in showing the explanatory power of models of complex adaptive systems, and the practical value of alternative models has been set aside in favor of… 

The Functional Role of Balinese Water Temples: A Response to Critics

In earlier publications we have proposed a model to explain the functional role of water temple networks in the agro-ecology of wet rice irrigation on the island of Bali. We argued that the key

Geographical explanations for the distribution of irrigation institutions: Cases from Southeast Asia

In the course of time a wide variety of irrigation structures have been built in Southeast Asia, ranging from small-scale systems with simple weirs and off-take canals, to large-scale canal systems


I employed what could be called genotype by environment biogeography in a case study 0/ an upland ricefield in the Philippines in order to better explain why outbreaks 0/ rice blast disease are more

The Subak in Diaspora: Balinese Farmers and the Subak in South Sulawesi

  • D. Roth
  • Economics
    Human ecology: an interdisciplinary journal
  • 2011
A comparison between two Balinese settlements in the same system shows that differences in infrastructural and managerial conditions and arrangements between parts of the irrigation system were major determinants of the institutional space allowed for the subak and ways in which the subaks developed.

Modelling socio-hydrological systems: a review of concepts, approaches and applications

The nature of socio-hydrological modelling, being interdisciplinary, focusing on complex interactions between human and natural systems, and dealing with long horizons, is such that modelling will always present a challenge; it is the task of the modeller to use the wide range tools afforded to them to overcome these challenges as much as possible.

Spatial Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems

Spatial Resilience is a new and exciting area of interdisciplinary research. It focuses on the influence of spatial variation - including such things as spatial location, context, connectivity, and

Indigenous Sustainability Science Deep

Nature-society interactions confront a range of challenges including maintenance of ecosystem services, conservation of biodiversity, and continuance of ecosystem functioning at local and global

Socio-hydrological modelling: a review asking "why, what and how?"

The nature of socio-hydrological study, being interdisciplinary, focusing on complex interactions between human and natural systems, and dealing with long horizons, is such that modelling will always present a challenge; it is the task of the modeller to use the wide range of tools afforded to them to overcome these challenges.

A Theoretical Framework for the Analysis of Spatial Resilience

The first two chapters have hopefully laid sufficient ground work for me to make an intelligible attack on the central themes of this book: the topic of spatial resilience and the ways in which it



Balinese “Water Temples” and the Management of Irrigation

Bali has figured prominently in debates on the question of whether irrigation centralizes state power. New evidence shows that irrigation is actually organized by networks of “water temples” that

Priests and Programmers: Technologies of Power in the Engineered Landscape of Bali

For the Balinese, the whole of nature is a perpetual resource: through centuries of carefully directed labor by generations of farmers, the engineered landscape of the island's rice terraces has

Managing Tropical Rice Pests Through Conservation of Generalist Natural Enemies and Alternative Prey

The results demonstrate the existence of a mechanism in tropical irrigated rice systems that supports high levels of natural biological control, which depends on season l ong successional processes and interactions among a wide array of species, many of which have hitherto been ignored as important elements in a rice ecosystem.

System-dependent Selection, Ecological Feedback and the Emergence of Functional Structure in Ecosystems.

This paper examines the unusual evolutionary dynamics that occur when changes in the distribution of phenotypes (resulting from selection) alter an environmental parameter in ways that, in turn, modify selection pressures, and uses James Lovelock's model of the imaginary planet Daisyworld to describe this process.

Ecology of the brown planthopper in the tropics.

Evidence to date suggests that the change to modern rice cultural practices was the major factor causing the upsurge in the density of, and damage by, the brown planthopper (BPH) Nilaparvata lugens

Adaptation in natural and artificial systems

Names of founding work in the area of Adaptation and modiication, which aims to mimic biological optimization, and some (Non-GA) branches of AI.

Adaptation and Environment

By focusing on the crucial role of environment in the process of adaptation, Robert Brandon clarifies definitions and principles so as to help make the argument of evolution by natural selection

The brown planthopper problem.

A pest management strategy that is compatible with modern rice technology is urgently needed to solve this serious pest problem.

Impact of Insecticides on the Resistance and Resurgence of Rice Planthoppers

Several species of planthoppers are major rice pests and figure prominently in the history of rice cultivation in the temperate regions of Japan and Korea and probably China.

Origins of Order: self-organization and selection in evolution

The structure of rugged fitness landscapes and the structure of adaptive landscapes underlying protein evolution, and the architecture of genetic regulatory circuits and its evolution.