On Lie Detection “Wizards”

@article{Bond2007OnLD,
  title={On Lie Detection “Wizards”},
  author={Charles F. Bond and Ahmet Uysal},
  journal={Law and Human Behavior},
  year={2007},
  volume={31},
  pages={109-115}
}
M. O’Sullivan and P. Ekman (2004) claim to have discovered 29 wizards of deception detection. The present commentary offers a statistical critique of the evidence for this claim. Analyses reveal that chance can explain results that the authors attribute to wizardry. Thus, by the usual statistical logic of psychological research, O’Sullivan and Ekman's claims about wizardry are gratuitous. Even so, there may be individuals whose wizardry remains to be uncovered. Thus, the commentary outlines… 
Unicorns or Tiger Woods: Are Lie Detection Experts Myths or Rarities? A Response to On Lie Detection “Wizards” by Bond and Uysal
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The fruitfulness of the O’Sullivan-Ekman protocol is illustrated with respect to improved identification of expert lie detectors, as well as a replicated pattern of errors made by experts from different professional groups.
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Deception Detection Expertise
  • G. D. Bond
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Law and human behavior
  • 2008
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Two experiments sought to identify expert(s) in detection and assess them twice with four tests, and study their detection behavior using eye tracking to characterized as experts in deception detection.
Pitfalls and Opportunities in Nonverbal and Verbal Lie Detection
  • A. Vrij, P. Granhag, S. Porter
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychological science in the public interest : a journal of the American Psychological Society
  • 2010
TLDR
Whether people can detect lies when observing someone’s nonverbal behavior or analyzing someone‘s speech is discussed.
Psychopathy and deception detection.
TLDR
Undergraduate participants indicated whether individuals in video clips were lying or telling the truth and completed a measure of psychopathy, and participants' performance was significantly greater than chance.
Outsmarting the Liars: Toward a Cognitive Lie Detection Approach
Five decades of lie detection research have shown that people’s ability to detect deception by observing behavior and listening to speech is limited. The problem is that cues to deception are
The Impact of Lie to Me on Viewers’ Actual Ability to Detect Deception
TLDR
Watching Lie to Me decreases truth bias thereby increasing suspicion of others while at the same time reducing deception detection ability, and viewers were no better at distinguishing truths from lies but were more likely than control participants to misidentify honest interviewees as deceptive.
Deception Traits in Psychological Interviewing
Deception researchers have attempted to improve people’s ability to detect deceit by teaching them which cues to pay attention to. Such training only yields limited success because, we argue, the
ARTICLE: The Science of Deception Detection: A Literature and Policy Review on Police Ability to Detect Lies
Humans have a strong “truth” default, meaning that when processing incoming information, they will passively believe statements made by others. However, idle acceptance can put people at risk for
Producing deception detection
Purpose – To function effectively, police must separate lies from truth. Police, ideally, would be experts at this task, yet there is debate surrounding whether expertise in detecting deception is
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References

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Detecting deception is an inherently difficult task, but one that plays a critical role for law enforcement investigators in the interrogation room. In general, research has failed to indicate that
“I'm Innocent!”: Effects of Training on Judgments of Truth and Deception in the Interrogation Room
The present research examined the extent to which people can distinguish true and false denials made in a criminal interrogation, and tested the hypothesis that training in the use of verbal and
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TLDR
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Research suggests that most people cannot tell from demeanor when others are lying. Such poor performance is typical not only of laypeople but also of most professionals concerned with lying. In this
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TLDR
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TLDR
It is proposed that people judge others' deceptions more harshly than their own and that this double standard in evaluating deceit can explain much of the accumulated literature.
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The present study examined the impact of viewing condition on accuracy in detecting deception. In Experiment 1, observers saw: 1) a single interview for each subject and then judged whether it was
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TLDR
It is found that aphasics were significantly better at detecting lies about emotion than people with no language impairment, suggesting that loss of language skills may be associated with a superior ability to detect the truth.
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