On Cystic Oxide, a New Species of Urinary Calculus

  title={On Cystic Oxide, a New Species of Urinary Calculus},
  author={William Hyde Wollaston},
  journal={The Medical and Physical Journal},
  pages={254 - 259}
  • W. H. Wollaston
  • Published 1 March 1811
  • Biology
  • The Medical and Physical Journal
The principal design of the present essay is to make known the existence, and to describe the leading properties of a new species of urinary calculus from the human bladder; but I shall at the same time take the opportunity of correcting an inaccuracy or two that I have observed in my former communication on this subject. (Phil. Trans. 1797.) I, on that occasion, took notice of five kinds of urinary calculi, 1. The lithic acid, since called uric acid, originally analysed by Scheele. 2. The… 
Nephrolithiasis at the Turn of the 18th to 19th Centuries: Biochemical Disturbances
  • G. Richet
  • Medicine
    American Journal of Nephrology
  • 2002
The chemistry of urinary stones definitely influenced the progress of medicine in the post-Enlightment period and the link to chemistry unveiled during the years 1775–1840 is discussed.
The chemistry of urinary stones around 1800: a first in clinical chemistry.
At the end of the 18th century, as soon as modern chemistry was created, dedicated physicians tried to apply it to medicine. A rewarding field was that of urinary lithiasis. Stones offered a
Cystine Stones Treated by Surgery and D-Penicillamine
  • A. Hutchison
  • Medicine
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine
  • 1968
Cystine stones were first reported in 1810 by Wollaston; some sixty years later there was a review of 53 cases varying from 2 to 50 years of age (Niemann 1876). Cystinuria was described by Garrod in
Stone Nomenclature and History of Instrumentation for Urinary Stone Disease
The first part of this chapter addresses some history that underlies the current names the authors use for urinary calculi.
[Pathogenesis of urolithiasis].
Urinary stone disease is one of the oldest and most ubiquitous diseases known to man and stones were well-recognised in Classical times by Hippocrates in Greece (Adams 1939) and by Celsus in Rome (Desnos 1914).
The Chemical Work of Alexander and
Jane Haldimand Marcet wrote the very popular Conversations on Chemistry, which dominated elementary chemical instruction during the first half of the 19th century and laid the foundations of the present knowledge.
Cystinuria associated with mongolism and identification of an abnormal pyrrolidine compound in urine.
The separate clinical entities of cystinuria and mongolism have been recognized for some time, and it was not until 1959 that Lejeune and associates demonstrated the occurrence of an additional small acrocentric autosome in position 21 of the Denver classification.
Cystine calculi: challenging group of stones
The role of medical management and minimally invasive surgery was reviewed for the treatment of cystinuria and development of urinary tract cystine calculi is the only clinical manifestation of this disease.
The chemical work of Alexander and Jane Marcet.
Alexander Marcet was an authority on urinary calculi and their analysis when few medical practitioners appreciated the usefulness of chemistry in the explanation and treatment of disease. In An Essay
Cystine calculi I in the dog: an epidemiological retrospective study
It was shown that obstructive cystine calculi occur in male dogs of all ages, but not in females or pups, and that this condition affects only male dogs after sexual maturity.