On Being Sane in Insane Places

@article{Rosenhan1973OnBS,
  title={On Being Sane in Insane Places},
  author={D. Rosenhan},
  journal={Science},
  year={1973},
  volume={179},
  pages={250 - 258}
}
It is clear that we cannot distinguish the sane from the insane in psychiatric hospitals. The hospital itself imposes a special environment in which the meanings of behavior can easily be misunderstood. The consequences to patients hospitalized in such an environment—the powerlessness, depersonalization, segregation, mortification, and self-labeling—seem undoubtedly countertherapeutic. I do not, even now, understand this problem well enough to perceive solutions. But two matters seem to have… Expand
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