On Being Moved by Art: How Reading Fiction Transforms the Self

  title={On Being Moved by Art: How Reading Fiction Transforms the Self},
  author={Maja Djikic and Keith Oatley and Sara Zoeterman and Jordan B. Peterson},
  journal={Creativity Research Journal},
  pages={24 - 29}
An experiment tested the hypothesis that art can cause significant changes in the experience of one's own personality traits under laboratory conditions. After completing a set of questionnaires, including the Big-Five Inventory (BFI) and an emotion checklist, the experimental group read the short story The Lady With the Toy Dog by Chekhov, while the control group read a comparison text that had the same content as the story, but was documentary in form. The comparison text was controlled for… 

The Effect of Music and Lyrics on Personality

An experiment tested whether music can produce significant changes in the experience of one’s ownpersonality traits under laboratory conditions. Participants were 87 first-year undergraduates at a

Serene Arts: The Effect of Personal Unsettledness and of Paintings' Narrative Structure on Personality

Previous research has demonstrated that art can produce some variation in self-reported personality traits. The present experiment addressed two questions. First, does visual art cause greater

The Science Behind the Magic? The Relation of the Harry Potter “Sorting Hat Quiz” to Personality and Human Values

The Harry Potter series describes the adventures of a boy and his peers in a fictional world at the “Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry”. In the series, pupils get appointed to one of four

The Five‐Factor Model in Fact and Fiction

Literature and personality psychology both address human nature, but they rarely address each other. We argue that the Five-Factor Model (FFM), a universal and heritable structure of enduring

The cognitive science of fiction.

  • K. Oatley
  • Art, Psychology
    Wiley interdisciplinary reviews. Cognitive science
  • 2012
It was found that the more fiction people read the better were their skills of empathy and theory-of-mind; the inference from several studies is that reading fiction improves social skills.

Personality and the Varieties of Fictional Experience

Against the long consensus in literary studies that differences in identity influence what, how, and why we read fiction, I argue that the kinds of literary experiences and feelings often valued and

Where Readers Meet The Road: On a Class Project Integrating Personality with the Evolutionary Study of Literature

This article reports on a class project designed to help undergraduates learn about individual differences and personality in the evolutionary study of literature. Drawing on an anonymous packet that


The present work examined the influence of stories on the self concept of femininity. A mixed sample of female respondents ( N = 689) participated in a web-based experiment. Self-reported femininity

Stories can influence the self-concept

The present work examined the influence of stories on the self-concept of femininity. A mixed sample of female respondents (N = 689) participated in a web-based experiment. Self-reported femininity

CHAPTER 4 The Five-Factor Model in Fact and Fiction

Science and art have different criteria for truth. For science, it is seen in the conformity of ideas with observations—ideally, precise observations, made repeatedly, in telling circumstances. For



Theories of Personality and Theories of Art: A Budding Consilience

Abstract Echoing the effort put forth during the 1960s by art historians Gombrich and Panofsky demonstrating that much could be learned about theories of art from theories of human behavior, the

Forms of Self-Implication in Literary Reading

Literary reading has the capacity to implicate the self and deepen self-understanding, but little is known about how and when these effects occur. The present article examines two forms of

A feeling for fiction: becoming what we behold

A Meta-Analysis of Personality in Scientific and Artistic Creativity

  • Gregory J. Feist
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 1998
The results of the first meta-analytic review of the literature on personality and creative achievement are presented, to present a conceptual integration of underlying potential psychological mechanisms that personality and creativity have in common, and to show how the topic of creativity has been important to personality psychologists and can be to social psychologists.

Openness to Experience, Non-Conformity, and the Preference for Abstract Art

Recent evolutionary theory has argued that what people find “beautiful” is not arbitrary, but rather has evolved over millions of years of hominid sensory, perceptual, and cognitive evolution.

The Big Five Trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives.

2 Taxonomy is always a contentious issue because the world does not come to us in neat little packages (S. Personality has been conceptualized from a variety of theoretical perspectives, and at

Personality Model of Fine Artists

This investigation was designed to (a) identify the personality factors that best discriminated between fine artists and nonartists, and (b) develop a model through which those discriminating

Careers in the Performing Arts: A Psychological Perspective

The history of creativity research reveals extensive studies of the members of occupational groups noted for creative productivity. Much less attention has been paid to performing artists for whom

Development of personality in early and middle adulthood: set like plaster or persistent change?

Different theories make different predictions about how mean levels of personality traits change in adulthood, and a large sample of adults who completed a Big Five personality measure on the Internet suggested that the Big Five traits are complex phenomena subject to a variety of developmental influences.

Finding without seeking: the information encounter in the context of reading for pleasure

  • C. Ross
  • Education
    Inf. Process. Manag.
  • 1999