Olympic lightweight and open-class rowers possess distinctive physical and proportionality characteristics

@article{Kerr2007OlympicLA,
  title={Olympic lightweight and open-class rowers possess distinctive physical and proportionality characteristics},
  author={Deborah Anne Kerr and William D. Ross and Karen Norton and Patria Hume and Masaaki Kagawa and Timothy Ackland},
  journal={Journal of Sports Sciences},
  year={2007},
  volume={25},
  pages={43 - 53}
}
Abstract Rowers competing at the 2000 Olympic Games were measured for 38 anthropometric dimensions. The aim was to identify common physical characteristics that could provide a competitive advantage. The participants included 140 male open-class rowers, 69 female open-class rowers, 50 male lightweight rowers, and 14 female lightweight rowers. Body mass, stature, and sitting height were different (P < 0.01) between the open-class and lightweight rowers, as well as a comparison group of healthy… 
Physical performance indicators in traditional rowing championships.
TLDR
This study facilitates talent detection and selection of athletes to form competitive traditional rowing teams based on measurable physical characteristics through analysis of high and low-performance rowers' profile ofTraditional rowing modalities in order to establish performance reference values.
Analysis of Anthropometric and Body Composition Profile in Male and Female Traditional Rowers
TLDR
The anthropometric profile of male and female traditional rowers showed differences to be considered in training programs and talent selection and height was the best predictor of performance for male rowers and muscle mass for female rowers.
Three-dimensional anthropometric analysis: Differences between elite Australian rowers and the general population
TLDR
The greatest differences between elite rowers and the general population were seen in dimensions that could not be captured without 3D scanning, such as segmental volumes and cross-sectional areas.
Somatotyping and Physical Fitness of Pakistani National Rower
Rowing is a popular sport across the globe which involves both skill and strength. The aim of the present investigation is to examine the somatotype and physical fitness of the Pakistani rowers. Data
Relationship between experience and training characteristics with performance in non-Olympic rowing modalities
IntroductionThe sport of rowing consists in displacing a boat through the water thanks to the cyclical work strength (Gee et al., 2012) by one or more rowers, sitting with their backs to direction,
Analysis of Sport Supplement Consumption and Body Composition in Spanish Elite Rowers
TLDR
The results suggest that the absence of differences in body composition (expressed as a percentage) do not represent anthropometric disadvantages for heavyweight rower, and SS consumption was similar between rowers, reporting only higher medical supplement consumption in heavyweight rowers.
Body physique and proportionality of Brazilian female artistic gymnasts
TLDR
Results suggest the presence of a typical gymnast’s physical prototype across age and competitive level, which can be useful to coaches during their selection processes in clubs and regional/national teams.
Anthropometry, strength and benchmarks for development: A basis for junior rowers' selection?
TLDR
After identification of desirable anthropometry, the 2000-m ergometer potential of juniors may be accounted for by upper-body strength and endurance, and greater development rates was associated with upper- body strength (males) and endurance (females).
Contributions of Anthropometric and Strength Determinants to Estimate 2000 m Ergometer Performance in Traditional Rowing
The purpose of this study was to analyze the contribution of anthropometric and strength determinants of 2000 m ergometer performance in traditional rowing. Nineteen rowers competing at national
Strength Testing and Training of Rowers
TLDR
While positive ergometer time-trial benefits of clinical and practical significance were reported with strength training, a lack of statistical significance was noted, primarily due to an absence of quality long-term controlled experimental research designs.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 22 REFERENCES
Physique characteristics of Pan American Games lightweight rowers.
TLDR
Anthropometric characteristics, somatotype, and proportionality profiles showed the male rowers to be similar in most aspects to a student control sample, with the exception of short sitting height and large transverse chest breadth.
Absolute size and proportionality characteristics of World Championship female basketball players.
TLDR
Clear differences in absolute size were found between guards, forwards and centres, but in terms of proportionality the latter two groups exhibited some similarities, particularly for measures of relative size in upper body dimensions.
Anthropometric estimation of muscle mass in men.
TLDR
The proposed equation appears to provide the best estimate of skeletal muscle mass to date, in that it is the only cadaver-validated equation and it gives values that are consistent with all known dissection data.
Morphology and performance of world championship triathletes
TLDR
Four distinguishable morphological factors emerged were robustness, adiposity, segmental lengths and skeletal mass that illustrated the importance of low levels of adiposity for elite triathletes for total time and most of the subdisciplines.
Science and medicine in sport.
TLDR
The Anatomy and Biomechanics of Sport Performance Applied Anatomy, and Sports Medicine Classification of Injuries and Mechanisms of Injury, Repair, Healing and Soft Tissue Remodelling, are presented.
Physiological testing of the high-performance athlete
The purpose of physiological testing (J.D. MacDougall and H.A. Wenger) what do tests measure? (H.J. Green) testing strength and power (D.G. Sale) testing aerobic power (J.S. Thoden) testing anaerobic
Weight regulation practices in athletes: analysis of metabolic and health effects.
TLDR
A theory is presented which relates these weight patterns and the accompanying dietary habits to changes in body composition, metabolism, metabolic activity of adipose tissue, and the distribution of body fat.
Ethnic and cultural influences on body composition, lifestyle and body image among males
....................................................................................................................... i Table of
The Montreal Olympic Games anthropological project
Built for success: Homogeneity in elite athlete morphology
  • Kinanthropometry IX (pp
  • 2005
...
1
2
3
...