Olivocochlear efferents: anatomy, physiology, function, and the measurement of efferent effects in humans.

@article{Guinan2006OlivocochlearEA,
  title={Olivocochlear efferents: anatomy, physiology, function, and the measurement of efferent effects in humans.},
  author={John J. Guinan},
  journal={Ear and hearing},
  year={2006},
  volume={27 6},
  pages={589-607}
}
This review covers the basic anatomy and physiology of the olivocochlear reflexes and the use of otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) in humans to monitor the effects of one group, the medial olivocochlear (MOC) efferents. MOC fibers synapse on outer hair cells (OHCs), and activation of these fibers inhibits basilar membrane responses to low-level sounds. This MOC-induced decrease in the gain of the cochlear amplifier is reflected in changes in OAEs. Any OAE can be used to monitor MOC effects on the… CONTINUE READING
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