Olive groves: ``The life and identity of the Mediterranean''

  title={Olive groves: ``The life and identity of the Mediterranean''},
  author={Angeliki Loumou and Christina Giourga},
  journal={Agriculture and Human Values},
Olive tree cultivation in theMediterranean goes back to ancient times. Evensince the Roman Age, olive cultivation spreadto the entire Mediterranean basin. Thislongevous tree integrates and identifieseconomically, socially, and culturally theinhabitants of this basin and determines itsrural landscape. For the residents of theMediterranean, olive oil constituted the mainsource of nutritional fats, their most valuableexport product, and was identified with theirculture. Even now, olive cultivation… 

The Monumental Olive Trees as Biocultural Heritage of Mediterranean Landscapes: The Case Study of Sicily

Monumental olive trees, with their longevity and their remarkable size, represent an important information source for the comprehension of the territory where they grow and the human societies that

The impact of changing olive cultivation practices on the ground flora of olive groves in the Messara and Psiloritis regions, Crete, Greece

This paper examines the impact that different olive cultivation practices have on the nature of the ground flora of olive groves in the region of the Psiloritis massif and Messara Plain in central

The Making of Olive Landscapes in the South of Spain. A History of Continuous Expansion and Intensification

The objective of this work is to make an additional contribution that reveals new evidence about the nature of Mediterranean landscapes, their historical construction and the consequences of their

Making olive oil sustainable

The environmental value of traditional olive groves, such as this one in Portugal, has been overlooked.

Origin and Domestication

The olive is the most iconic Mediterranean tree. The multiple uses of wild and cultivated olives make this species economically significant and a keystone of traditional Mediterranean agrosystems.

Primary domestication and early uses of the emblematic olive tree: palaeobotanical, historical and molecular evidence from the Middle East

It is argued that advances in radiocarbon chronology, palaeobotany, genetics, and archaeology‐history have profoundly refined the history of olive trees in the Middle East, and the heartland of primary olive domestication must be enlarged to the Levant and not only focus on the Jordan Valley.

Advances in biocultural geography of olive tree (Olea europaea L.) landscapes by merging biological and historical assays

A novel biocultural analysis is a promising approach to substantiate the terroir concept with science-based elements and appears suitable to characterize local agri-food products with old tradition and historical data.

Effect of Organic Farming and Agricultural Abandonment on Beneficial Arthropod Communities Associated with Olive Groves in Western Spain: Implications for Bactrocera oleae Management

Simple Summary Olive cultivation has been extremely relevant in the Mediterranean area for centuries, creating traditional landscapes with high cultural and biodiversity values. However, in recent

Sustainability and Plasticity of the Olive Tree Cultivation in Arid Conditions

The olive tree is the major cultural crop in many countries around the Mediterranean Sea. The olive orchards have been established in very different climatic conditions from arid condition (Southern

Mediterranean Forests, Woods and Shrublands

  • H. Allen
  • Environmental Science, History
    Geography in Britain after World War II
  • 2019
In the 1980s and 1990s, research by A.T. Grove and Oliver Rackham effectively demolished the ‘ruined landscape theory’ of the Mediterranean region, which had argued that millennia of human activity



PROFILE: Tourism Contribution to Agro-Ecosystems Conservation: The Case of Lesbos Island, Greece

The results of the study demonstrate that in communities where tourism plays an important role olive tree cultivation is preserved and the population is stable, and the preservation of the agro-ecosystem is assured while the olive groves remain productive.

Ecological Patterns and Comparative Nutrient Dynamics of Natural and Agricultural Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

An agricultural watershed, situated on an island of the Aegean archipelago, was studied to gain insight into the structure and the design of a typical terrestrial ecosystem of the Mediterranean region and to form the basis for the quantification of the interconnections within the Mediterranean-type ecosystems.

The Plant-Life of the Balkan Peninsula: a Phytogeographical Study

  • A. R.
  • Environmental Science
  • 1929
THE valuable series of memoirs on plant-geography edited by Profs. Engler and Drude under the title “Die Vegetation der Erde” is familiar to every well-equipped botanist. But, as Prof. A. G. Tansley

Multiple origins for Mediterranean olive (Olea europaea L. ssp. europaea) based upon mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms.

  • G. BesnardA. Bervillé
  • Biology, Medicine
    Comptes rendus de l'Academie des sciences. Serie III, Sciences de la vie
  • 2000

Genetic relationships in the olive (Olea europaea L.) reflect multilocal selection of cultivars

Factorial discriminant analyses showed that RAPD profiles were correlated with the use of the fruits and the country or region of origin of the cultivars, suggesting that cultivar selection has occurred in different genetic pools and in different areas.

Effects of Grazing Pressure on Succession Process and Productivity of Old Fields on Mediterranean Islands

The productivity of old fields abandoned for a long time is insufficient to support the grazing animals present, and the nonrecovering vegetation in the old fields of these mountainous islands constitutes a severe environmental threat; remedial measures appear imperative.

Flora and Vegetation

The flora of the Sahel is rather poor, i.e. approximately 1500 species of flowering plants for an area of 3 million km2. The flora is typically paleotropical. The richest families are: Poaceae,

The geography of food consumption: a review

Food is central to human survival; its production still employs 45% of the world’s economically active population and an unknown but significant proportion are engaged in the processing of the raw

Productivity, Variability and Sustainability as Criteria of Desertification

Criteria are needed to distinguish the limits of a programme of study or control of desertification (or land degradation). These should be as unambiguous and easy to measure as possible, but not at