Data are presented, demonstrating the action of a number of oligopeptides on biological motivations of hunger, fear, self-stimulation and on alcohol addiction. In the structure of animals feeding motivation, such oligopeptides take part as beta-lipotropin and its fragments, ACTH, pentagastrin, delta-sleep inducing peptide (DSIP), substance P; in organization of defensive motivation--angiotensin II (AII), DSIP, substance P, bradykinin, beta-endorphin etc.; in organization of self-stimulation--AII, DSIP, bradykinin, ACTH, beta-endorphin etc. It is established that most of the above oligopeptides, injected to the brain lateral ventriculi, inhibit biological motivations, and only some of them have an activating action. On the basis of experiments, a hypothesis is formulated that oligopeptides act as a feedback between the genome of brain neurones and pacemaker cells of motivation centres of the hypothalamus area. Some oligopeptides elaborated by neuronal genomes under the action of dominating motivation, activate--and the other--suppress the activity of motivation hypothalamus centres.