Olfactory dysfunction in multiple sclerosis: association with secondary progression.

  title={Olfactory dysfunction in multiple sclerosis: association with secondary progression.},
  author={Ana Alexandra Duarte Martins da Silva and Ernestina Santos and In{\^e}s N. Moreira and Andreia Bettencourt and Est{\'e}r Coutinho and Alexandra Gonçalves and Cl{\'a}udia Pinto and Xavier Montalban and Sara Marta Pereira dos Santos Cavaco},
  journal={Multiple sclerosis},
  volume={18 5},
OBJECTIVE The Brief Smell Identification Test (B-SIT) was used to explore odour identification capacities in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS In total, 153 consecutive patients with MS and 165 healthy controls (HC) participated in the study. All participants were asked to answer the B-SIT and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), the Multiple Sclerosis Severity Scale (MSSS), and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were used for… CONTINUE READING
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