Oldest description of a caldera-forming eruption in Southeast Asia unveiled in forgotten written sources

  title={Oldest description of a caldera-forming eruption in Southeast Asia unveiled in forgotten written sources},
  author={Bachtiar Wahyu Mutaqin and Franck Lavigne},
As one of the most powerful volcanic events of the Holocene era with a Volcanic Explosivity Index of seven, the 1257 CE eruption of Samalas volcano in the Rinjani Volcanic Complex had large consequences for Lombok Island (Indonesia) and its surrounding area. This huge eruption with an enormous volume of ejected material (4435 ± 5.5 × 106 m3), was recorded in local written sources, called Babad, that were compiled around the sixteenth century and contain oral stories and myths. In this study, we… 

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