Oldest cingulate skulls provide congruence between morphological and molecular scenarios of armadillo evolution.

  title={Oldest cingulate skulls provide congruence between morphological and molecular scenarios of armadillo evolution.},
  author={Guillaume Billet and Lionel Hautier and Christian de Muizon and Xavier Valentin},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  volume={278 1719},
The cingulates of the mammalian order Xenarthra present a typical case of disagreement between molecular and morphological phylogenetic studies. We report here the discovery of two new skulls from the Late Oligocene Salla Beds of Bolivia (approx. 26 Ma), which are the oldest known well-preserved cranial remains of the group. A new taxon is described: Kuntinaru boliviensis gen. et sp. nov. A phylogenetic analysis clusters K. boliviensis together with the armadillo subfamily Tolypeutinae. These… CONTINUE READING
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