Oil Spills from Shipping: A Case Study of the Governance of Accidental Hazards and Intentional Pollution in the Baltic Sea

@inproceedings{Haler2016OilSF,
  title={Oil Spills from Shipping: A Case Study of the Governance of Accidental Hazards and Intentional Pollution in the Baltic Sea},
  author={B. Ha{\ss}ler},
  year={2016}
}
Despite most tankers being more technically safe than in the past, the increasing volume of transportation probably outweighs most, if not all, technical safety gains. Two major types of threats to the Baltic Sea environment caused by oil pollution are discussed in this chapter: accidental and intentional spills. It is shown that individual countries or coalitions have influenced governance outcomes in both areas. The introduction of double hull regulations by IMO was speeded up significantly… CONTINUE READING