Oil, Islam, and Women

  title={Oil, Islam, and Women},
  author={Michael L. Ross},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  pages={107 - 123}
  • M. Ross
  • Published 1 February 2008
  • Sociology
  • American Political Science Review
Women have made less progress toward gender equality in the Middle East than in any other region. Many observers claim this is due to the region's Islamic traditions. I suggest that oil, not Islam, is at fault; and that oil production also explains why women lag behind in many other countries. Oil production reduces the number of women in the labor force, which in turn reduces their political influence. As a result, oil-producing states are left with atypically strong patriarchal norms, laws… 
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