Oil, Democracy, and Context

  title={Oil, Democracy, and Context},
  author={Anar K. Ahmadov},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  pages={1238 - 1267}
  • Anar K. Ahmadov
  • Published 1 August 2014
  • Political Science
  • Comparative Political Studies
A considerable debate precludes drawing conclusions about oil’s effect on democracy. This article challenges this stalemate by significantly expanding the scope of the previous research and using meta-regression analysis to examine the integrated results of extant scholarship. While the results suggest a nontrivial negative association between oil and democracy across the globe, they also indicate a notable variation in this relationship across world regions and institutional contexts. A… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

New evidence on the oil-democracy nexus utilising the Varieties of Democracy data
The Structural Economic Roots of Liberal Democracy
Recent studies have found little evidence of a consistent effect of income on democracy. I argue that this is because only growth derived from manufacturing is conducive to democracy, while growth
A meta-analysis of income and democracy
ABSTRACT The purpose of this article is to examine the relationship between per capita income and democracy. Namely, do increases in income per capita affect a regime’s level of democracy? The
Does Oil Wealth Affect Democracy in Africa
This paper uses recent data on historical oil wealth to provide new evidence on the effect of oil wealth on democracy in Africa from 1955 to 2008. We find that oil wealth is statistically associated
Revisiting the oil and democracy nexus : New evidence utilizing V-DEM democracy data in a GMM PVAR framework
This study re-examines the validity of oil-hinders-democracy hypothesis by comparing the long-term effects of oil abundance and oil dependence democracies individually. Based on five novel measures
A two-step theory and test of the oil curse: the conditional effect of oil on democratization
ABSTRACT Does oil impede democratization? This article posits that in order to understand the effect of oil on democratization one has to decompose the transition process into two steps: (1) the
Oil and Unbalanced Globalization
We demonstrate that oil wealth is associated with both high levels of economic and social integration and low levels of political integration – a condition we call “unbalanced globalization,” in
COVID-19 and erosion of democracy
What Have We Learned about the Resource Curse?
Since 2001, hundreds of academic studies have examined the “resource curse,�? meaning the claim that natural resource wealth tends to perversely affect a country's governance. There is now robust


Democracy and Development
Is economic development conducive to political democracy? Does democracy foster or hinder material welfare? These two questions are examined by looking at the experience of 135 countries between 1950
Democracy and Economic Growth: A Meta‐Analysis
Despite a sizeable theoretical and empirical literature, no firm conclusions have been drawn regarding the impact of political democracy on economic growth. This article challenges the consensus of
Extreme Bounds of Democracy
What determines the emergence and survival of democracy? The authors apply extreme bounds analysis to test the robustness of fifty-nine factors proposed in the literature, evaluating over three
Determinants of Democracy
A panel study of over 100 countries from 1960 to 1995 finds that improvements in the standard of living predict increase in democracy, as measured by a subjective indicator of electoral rights. The
Resource Wealth and Political Regimes in Africa
Political economists point to the levels of economic development, poverty, and income inequality as the most important determinants of political regimes. The authors present empirical evidence
Income and Democracy?
Existing studies establish a strong cross-country correlation between income and democracy but do not control for factors that simultaneously affect both variables. We show that controlling for such
Does High Income Promote Democracy?
The authors construct a statistical model with which to test whether the regularity that democracy is more commonly found among wealthy countries stems from a democratizing effect of high income or
No Representation without Taxation? Rents, Development, and Democracy
Natural resource windfalls would seem to be a boon for poor countries. They reduce the burden of taxation, create a middle class, and pay for social services. In the view of most scholars, however,
Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy
This book develops a framework for analyzing the creation and consolidation of democracy. Different social groups prefer different political institutions because of the way they allocate political
Does Diversity Hurt Democracy?
Freedom House president Adrian Karatynycky has claimed in the Journal of Democracy that "democracy has been significantly more successful in monoethnic societies than in ethnically divided and