Office Discipline and Student Behavior: Does Race Matter?

  title={Office Discipline and Student Behavior: Does Race Matter?},
  author={Michael Rocque},
  journal={American Journal of Education},
  pages={557 - 581}
  • M. Rocque
  • Published 26 May 2010
  • Education
  • American Journal of Education
Previous research has consistently found a relationship between student race and discipline. For example, African Americans are more likely than whites to be sent to the office or suspended. However, much of this work is limited by a lack of student behavior and school‐level variables. This study examined the effect of student race on office referrals in 45 elementary schools while controlling for ratings of student behavior and using a fixed effects model to remove school‐level influences. The… 
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