Offense , Defense , and the Causes of War

  title={Offense , Defense , and the Causes of War},
  author={Stephen Van Evera},
  • Stephen Van Evera
  • Published 1998
Is war more likely when conquest is easy? Could peace be strengthened by making conquest more difacult? What are the causes of offense dominance?1 How can these causes be controlled? These are the questions this article addresses. I argue that war is far more likely when conquest is easy, and that shifts in the offense-defense balance have a large effect on the risk of war. Ten warcausing effects (summarized in Figure 1) arise when the offense dominates. (1) Empires are easier to conquer. This… CONTINUE READING
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