Ocular versus extraocular control of posture and equilibrium

  title={Ocular versus extraocular control of posture and equilibrium},
  author={Michel Guerraz and Adolfo Miguel Bronstein},
  journal={Neurophysiologie Clinique/Clinical Neurophysiology},
Vision has been shown for almost a century to be heavily involved in postural control. However, the mechanism by which it operates is still an open debate. The purpose of this manuscript is to review the evidence supporting the view that there are two modes of visual detection of body sway: ocular and extraocular. The former is based on the characteristics of the visual flow (retinal slip), the second one is based on either the copy of the motor command (efference copy) or the extraocular… CONTINUE READING
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