Ochratoxin A and human health risk: a review of the evidence.

  title={Ochratoxin A and human health risk: a review of the evidence.},
  author={Travis R. Bui-Klimke and Felicia Wu},
  journal={Critical reviews in food science and nutrition},
  volume={55 13},
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by several fungal species including Aspergillus ochraceus, A. carbonarius, A. niger, and Penicillium verrucosum. OTA causes nephrotoxicity and renal tumors in a variety of animal species; however, human health effects are less well-characterized. Various studies have linked OTA exposure with the human diseases Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) and chronic interstitial nephropathy (CIN), as well as other renal diseases. This study reviews the… CONTINUE READING