Oceanic gateways as a critical factor to initiate icehouse Earth

@article{Smith2003OceanicGA,
  title={Oceanic gateways as a critical factor to initiate icehouse Earth},
  author={Alan G. Smith and K. Pickering},
  journal={Journal of the Geological Society},
  year={2003},
  volume={160},
  pages={337 - 340}
}
We propose a unifying explanation for the four major icehouses during the past c.620 million years: earliest Oligocene to Present; early Carboniferous to early Permian; late Ordovician and late Vendian (the ‘snowball Earth’) all of which appear to have been initiated as a result of two plate-tectonic processes. The first moved some continents into polar latitudes; while there the second process opened and closed oceanic low latitude gateways that changed global oceanic circulation from one with… Expand

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