Ocean heat uptake and its consequences for the magnitude of sea level rise and climate change

  title={Ocean heat uptake and its consequences for the magnitude of sea level rise and climate change},
  author={Till Kuhlbrodt and Jonathan M. Gregory},
  journal={Geophysical Research Letters},
Under increasing greenhouse gas concentrations, ocean heat uptake moderates the rate of climate change, and thermal expansion makes a substantial contribution to sea level rise. In this paper we quantify the differences in projections among atmosphere‐ocean general circulation models of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project in terms of transient climate response, ocean heat uptake efficiency and expansion efficiency of heat. The CMIP3 and CMIP5 ensembles have statistically indistinguishable… 
A Conceptual Model of Ocean Heat Uptake under Climate Change
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The Influence of Warming Patterns on Passive Ocean Heat Uptake
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Evolving Relative Importance of the Southern Ocean and North Atlantic in Anthropogenic Ocean Heat Uptake
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Ocean Response to a Climate Change Heat-Flux Perturbation in an Ocean Model and Its Corresponding Coupled Model
State-of-the-art coupled general circulation models (CGCMs) are used to predict ocean heat uptake (OHU) and sea-level change under global warming. However, the projections of different models vary,
Global Pattern Formation of Net Ocean Surface Heat Flux Response to Greenhouse Warming
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Climate models show that most of the anthropogenic heat resulting from increased atmospheric CO2 enters the Southern Ocean near 60°S and is stored around 45°S. This heat is transported to the ocean
Connecting Direct Effects of CO2 Radiative Forcing to Ocean Heat Uptake and Circulation
The ocean's response to direct atmospheric effects of increased carbon dioxide's (CO2) radiative forcing is examined. These direct effects are defined as the climate changes that result from forcing
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Changes in ocean vertical heat transport with global warming
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Deep ocean heat uptake as a major source of spread in transient climate change simulations
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Constraining climate model parameters from observed 20th century changes
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World ocean heat content and thermosteric sea level change (0–2000 m), 1955–2010
We provide updated estimates of the change of ocean heat content and the thermosteric component of sea level change of the 0–700 and 0–2000 m layers of the World Ocean for 1955–2010. Our estimates
Transient climate response estimated from radiative forcing and observed temperature change
[1] Observations and simulations (using the HadCM3 AOGCM) of time-dependent twentieth-century climate change indicate a linear relationship F = rDT between radiative forcing F and global mean surface
A model study of factors influencing projected changes in regional sea level over the twenty-first century
In addition to projected increases in global mean sea level over the 21st century, model simulations suggest there will also be changes in the regional distribution of sea level relative to the
Revisiting the Earth's sea‐level and energy budgets from 1961 to 2008
We review the sea‐level and energy budgets together from 1961, using recent and updated estimates of all terms. From 1972 to 2008, the observed sea‐level rise (1.8 ± 0.2 mm yr−1 from tide gauges
Warming of Global Abyssal and Deep Southern Ocean Waters between the 1990s and 2000s: Contributions to Global Heat and Sea Level Rise Budgets*
AbyssalglobalanddeepSouthern Oceantemperature trendsarequantifiedbetweenthe1990sand2000sto assesstheroleofrecentwarmingoftheseregionsin globalheatandsealevelbudgets.Theauthors1)compute warming rates