Ocean acidification reduces sperm flagellar motility in broadcast spawning reef invertebrates

@article{Morita2009OceanAR,
  title={Ocean acidification reduces sperm flagellar motility in broadcast spawning reef invertebrates},
  author={Masaya Morita and Ryota Suwa and Akira Iguchi and Masako Nakamura and Kazuaki Shimada and Kazuhiko Sakai and Atsushi Suzuki},
  journal={Zygote},
  year={2009},
  volume={18},
  pages={103 - 107}
}
Summary Ocean acidification is now recognized as a threat to marine ecosystems; however, the effect of ocean acidification on fertilization in marine organisms is still largely unknown. In this study, we focused on sperm flagellar motility in broadcast spawning reef invertebrates (a coral and a sea cucumber). Below pH 7.7, the pH predicted to occur within the next 100 years, sperm flagellar motility was seriously impaired in these organisms. Considering that sperm flagellar motility is… 
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