Ocean acidification: assessing the vulnerability of socioeconomic systems in Small Island Developing States

  title={Ocean acidification: assessing the vulnerability of socioeconomic systems in Small Island Developing States},
  author={Katherine Schmutter and Merinda C Nash and Liz Dovey},
  journal={Regional Environmental Change},
Ocean acidification poses an increasing threat to marine ecosystems and also interacts with other anthropogenic environmental drivers. A planned response strategy could minimize exposure of socioeconomic systems to potential hazards and may even offer wider advantages. Response strategies can be informed by understanding the hazards, assessing exposure and assessing risks and opportunities. This paper assesses exposure of key socioeconomic systems to the hazards of ocean acidification and… 

Recommended priorities for research on ecological impacts of ocean and coastal acidification in the U.S. Mid-Atlantic

Climate-Related Vulnerability and Risk Assessment of Main Ocean Uses: An Overview

Vulnerability and risk analyses have been increasingly used in a wide variety of contexts to support ocean management and planning processes. Depending on the context, such analyses may focus on

Public risk perceptions of ocean acidification

Ocean acidification has been called the ‘evil twin’ of climate change and has become acknowledged as a serious risk to the marine environment. This thesis aims to explore public perceptions of

Current understanding and challenges for oceans in a higher-CO2 world

In this higher-CO2 world, future challenges involve better design and rigorous testing of adaptation, mitigation and intervention options to offset the effects of ocean acidification at scales ranging from local to regional.

Climate Change and the Pacific Islands

Climate change has been recognized as one of the most critical and controversial issues facing the world in the twenty-first century. It is predicted to lead to adverse and irreversible impacts on

Social and cultural issues raised by climate change in Pacific Island countries: an overview

Climate-related disasters such as tropical cyclones, floods and droughts are not new to Pacific Islanders, who have developed customary or ‘traditional’ practices to enable communities to adapt and

Accounting for risk transitions of ocean ecosystems under climate change: an economic justification for more ambitious policy responses

Despite the ocean’s role in regulating the climate and providing ecosystem services, the importance of the ocean has only recently gained appropriate attention in the context of international climate

Climate Change Adaptation on Small Island States: An Assessment of Limits and Constraints

Small Island States (SIDS) are among the nations most exposed to climate change (CC) and are characterised by a high degree of vulnerability. Their unique nature means there is a need for more

Survey Tool for Rapid Assessment of Socio-Economic Vulnerability of Fishing Communities in Vietnam to Climate Change

Climate change will likely affect the effectiveness of future management of coastal ecosystems, impacting communities that reside within the coastal area. In order to formulate appropriate adaptation

A commentary on national adaptation drivers: the case of small island developing states

This paper comments on the applicability of the global indicators of climate change adaptation policy drivers contained in Berrang-Ford et al. (2014) (Climatic Change, 124(1–2), 441–450.



The potential impacts of ocean acidification: scaling from physiology to fisheries*

Views expressed on the potential impact of ocean acidification range from wholesale degradation of marine ecosystems through to no discernable impact with minimal consequences. Constraining this

Contrasting futures for ocean and society from different anthropogenic CO2 emissions scenarios

The physics, chemistry, and ecology of the oceans might be affected based on two CO2 emission trajectories: one business as usual and one with aggressive reductions, consistent with the Copenhagen Accord of keeping mean global temperature increase below 2°C in the 21st century.

Anticipating ocean acidification's economic consequences on commercial fisheries

Ocean acidification, a consequence of rising anthropogenic CO2 emissions, is poised to change marine ecosystems profoundly by increasing dissolved CO2 and decreasing ocean pH, carbonate ion

Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification

As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided.

Review of climate change impacts on marine aquaculture in the UK and Ireland

This review assesses current knowledge of the threats and opportunities of climate change for aquaculture in the UK and Ireland, focusing on the most commonly farmed species, blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).

A framework for understanding climate change impacts on coral reef social–ecological systems

Abstract Corals and coral-associated species are highly vulnerable to the emerging effects of global climate change. The widespread degradation of coral reefs, which will be accelerated by climate

Replenishment of fish populations is threatened by ocean acidification

Levels of dissolved CO2 predicted to occur in the ocean this century alter the behavior of larval fish and dramatically decrease their survival during recruitment to adult populations and have far-reaching consequences for the sustainability of fish populations.

Avoiding Coral Reef Functional Collapse Requires Local and Global Action

Economic costs of ocean acidification: a look into the impacts on global shellfish production

Ocean acidification is increasingly recognized as a major global problem. Yet economic assessments of its effects are currently almost absent. Unlike most other marine organisms, mollusks, which have

Impacts of ocean acidification on marine fauna and ecosystem processes

Fabry, V. J., Seibel, B. A., Feely, R. A., and Orr, J. C. 2008. Impacts of ocean acidification on marine fauna and ecosystem processes. - ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65: 414-432.Oceanic uptake of