Occurrence of Escherichia coli and enterococci in Cladophora (Chlorophyta) in nearshore water and beach sand of Lake Michigan.

@article{Whitman2003OccurrenceOE,
  title={Occurrence of Escherichia coli and enterococci in Cladophora (Chlorophyta) in nearshore water and beach sand of Lake Michigan.},
  author={Richard L. Whitman and Dawn A Shively and Heather Pawlik and Meredith B Nevers and Muruleedhara N. Byappanahalli},
  journal={Applied and environmental microbiology},
  year={2003},
  volume={69 8},
  pages={4714-9}
}
Each summer, the nuisance green alga Cladophora (mostly Cladophora glomerata) amasses along Lake Michigan beaches, creating nearshore anoxia and unsightly, malodorous mats that can attract problem animals and detract from visitor enjoyment. Traditionally, elevated counts of Escherichia coli are presumed to indicate the presence of sewage, mostly derived from nearby point sources. The relationship between fecal indicator bacteria and Cladophora remains essentially unstudied. This investigation… CONTINUE READING