Occurrence, fate and removal of synthetic oral contraceptives (SOCs) in the natural environment: a review.

@article{Liu2011OccurrenceFA,
  title={Occurrence, fate and removal of synthetic oral contraceptives (SOCs) in the natural environment: a review.},
  author={Ze-Hua Liu and Jactone Arogo Ogejo and Amy J. Pruden and Katharine F. Knowlton},
  journal={The Science of the total environment},
  year={2011},
  volume={409 24},
  pages={5149-61}
}
Synthetic oral contraceptives (SOCs) are a group of compounds with progestagenic and/or androgenic activities, with some also possessing estrogenic activities. Recent research has documented that some of these emerging contaminants have adverse effects on aquatic organisms at very low concentrations. To facilitate the evaluation of their latent risks, published works on their occurrence and fate in the environment are reviewed. Androgenic/progestagenic relative potencies or relative binding… CONTINUE READING