Occurrence, fate, and removal of pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic environment: a review of recent research data.

@article{Heberer2002OccurrenceFA,
  title={Occurrence, fate, and removal of pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic environment: a review of recent research data.},
  author={Thomas Heberer},
  journal={Toxicology letters},
  year={2002},
  volume={131 1-2},
  pages={
          5-17
        }
}
  • T. Heberer
  • Published 10 May 2002
  • Environmental Science
  • Toxicology letters
Do pharmaceuticals reach and affect the aquatic ecosystems in Brazil? A critical review of current studies in a developing country
TLDR
New research is urgently required about the effects of pharmaceuticals in biota—including long-term exposition and mixture tests—and on specific technologies to remove these compounds in water bodies and WWTPs, besides the introduction of new policies for pharmaceutical use.
Fate and Analysis of Pharmaceutical Residues in the Aquatic Environment
The presence of pharmaceuticals in different compartments of the environment is a new challenge not only for technologists of water and wastewater treatment but also for analytical chemists involved
Pharmaceuticals as emerging contaminants in the aquatic environment of Latin America: a review
TLDR
The main source of PhACs in LATAM’s aquatic environment is WW; hence, these countries should direct substantial efforts to develop efficient and cost-effective treatment technologies and plan and apply WW management strategies and regulations.
Review: Source, Fate, Toxicological Effect and Removal Technology of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment
TLDR
Human pharmaceuticals are considered emerging organic micro-pollutants, originating mostly from hospital and municipal wastewater treatment plants, and advanced treatment technologies such as ozonation, advanced oxidation processes, membrane bioreactor (MBR) show high efficiency to reduce concentrations of pharmaceutical residues in water.
Residual pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) in aquatic environment - status, toxicity and kinetics: a review.
TLDR
Major gaps in the current knowledge are identified and some directions for future research are identified, such as improvement of techniques to remove residual pharmaceuticals from wastewater, and the establishment of standard pharmaceutical modes of action.
Household Disposal of Pharmaceuticals as a Pathway for Aquatic Contamination in the United Kingdom
TLDR
The household disposal of unused and expired pharmaceuticals as a source of pharmaceutical compounds in the environment was investigated and a conceptual model was constructed to assess the pathways of human pharmaceuticals into the environment.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 73 REFERENCES
From municipal sewage to drinking water: fate and removal of pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic environment in urban areas.
TLDR
In the course of the monitoring program in Berlin, Germany, PhACs and some other polar compounds were detected at concentrations up to the microg/L-level in all compartments of the Berlin water cycle.
Occurrence of antibiotics in the aquatic environment.
Factors Affecting the Concentrations of Pharmaceuticals Released to the Aquatic Environment
Although recent research has demonstrated that pharmaceuticals are widely distributed in the aquatic environment, it is difficult to assess the threat that they pose to drinking water supplies or
Occurrence and Fate of the Pharmaceutical Drug Diclofenac in Surface Waters: Rapid Photodegradation in a Lake
The pharmaceutical drug diclofenac (2-[(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]benzeneacetic acid) was detected in rivers and lakes in Switzerland. The data strongly suggest inputs of diclofenac from human medical
Occurrence and Environmental Behavior of the Chiral Pharmaceutical Drug Ibuprofen in Surface Waters and in Wastewater
Pharmaceutical compounds can reach detectable concentrations in rivers and lakes if production and use are sufficiently large and the compounds show some mobility and persistence in the aquatic
Occurrence and Fate of Pharmaceuticals During Bank Filtration – Preliminary Results From Investigations in Germany and the United States
The growing need for clean drinking water worldwide has increased the interest in natural surface-water treatment techniques such as bank filtration. Bank filtration has been used for more than a
Occurrence and distribution of pharmaceutical organic compounds in the groundwater downgradient of a landfill (grindsted, denmark).
TLDR
The occurrence and distribution of organic compounds originating from waste from the pharmaceutical industry in the groundwater downgradient of the same landfill is described, the first report on pharmaceutical compounds in a leachate plume.
...
...