Occupational therapy: the role of ideology in the development of a profession for women.

@article{Litterst1992OccupationalTT,
  title={Occupational therapy: the role of ideology in the development of a profession for women.},
  author={T A Litterst},
  journal={The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association},
  year={1992},
  volume={46 1},
  pages={
          20-5
        }
}
  • T. Litterst
  • Published 1992
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
This paper uses contemporary accounts, newspaper articles, and professional literature to describe the origin and development of the profession of occupational therapy. Ideas about the organization of work, women's characteristics, and the historical context of World War I are included. Occupational therapy is discussed from the perspective of values that contributed to the successful establishment and maintenance of a recognized structure in the work force for women performing occupational… 

Opening feminist histories of occupational therapy.

  • G. Frank
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 1992
This paper frames the history of occupational therapy in feminist terms. It focuses on gender segregation in occupational therapy, the influence of class and race in shaping opportunities for

Some implications of occupational therapy's history for its epistemology, values, and relation to medicine.

  • E. Yerxa
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 1992
TLDR
The profession was founded upon visionary ideas about the nature of human beings and their vital need for activity and its relationship to medicine and other disciplines is explored.

Occupational therapy's dance with diversity.

  • Roxie M. Black
  • Medicine
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 2002
TLDR
It is discovered that the period when the profession most effectively and productively explored issues of diversity was during the early- to mid-1990s--a time when the organization and its members worked in harmony.

Powerful Occupational Therapists: A Community of Professionals, 1950–1980

TLDR
An internal tension arouse between those therapists embracing an objective, and arguably male, science and those supporting a characteristically feminine caring philosophical base in occupational therapy.

Outlining a critical ethos for historical work in occupational science and occupational therapy

The writing of history is a powerful process that helps define and redefine the nature of whatever is written about. In this paper I outline the characteristics and objectives of a critical

Occupational therapy's link to vocational reeducation, 1910-1925.

  • S. Gutman
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 1997
TLDR
Reasons accounting for why the early occupational therapy leaders abandoned their initial commitment to vocational reeducation are explored and suggestions about how this decision has affected present-day practice are offered.

Embracing our past, informing our future: a feminist re-vision of health care.

  • R. B. Hamlin
  • Medicine
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 1992
TLDR
The role of women in health care from prehistorical times, through the present, and into the future discussing the changing paradigms of the Paradigm of Inclusion can support us as health care leaders within the changing world of the 21st century.

Institutional Ethnography: A Method for Showing How the Context Shapes Practice

TLDR
Although developed as a feminist methodology for displaying the social organization of patriarchy, institutional ethnography is used in this study to show how the organizational context invisibly shapes occupational therapy practice.

Enabling Empowerment: Using Simulations versus Real Occupations

TLDR
This paper shows how the organization of practice determines invisibly whether occupational therapists are more likely to involve people in simulations or in the real occupations of their everyday world, and explores the use of simulations versus real occupations.

Investigating Public Perception of Occupational Therapy: An Environmental Scan of Three Media Outlets

  • W. Walsh
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 2018
TLDR
It is suggested that a clear professional identity for occupational therapy practitioners must be strategically communicated through academic and social platforms and allows occupational therapy to remain a prominent and formidable stakeholder in today's health care marketplace.

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